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Windham County Connecticut
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182. WH Sat Oct. 8, 1791: Boston, September 27. Extract of a letter from Cape-Francois. “On the 23d of Aug. the Negro Slaves erected the Standard of Revolt in the country, and have destroyed all the plantations between Port Margot and Limonade ­massacred the Whites, plundered and burnt every thing. The distance of country now laid waste and in ashes, is sixty miles in length, eighteen wide. The 26th,--the Negroes are continuing their ravages, every precaution is taken to secure the city; as may sailors as could be spared from the Shiping are on shore doing duty. All the slaves in the city are confined to the Church, &c.”

183. WH Sat Oct. 8, 1791: Monday night last week, the dwelling house and hatter’s shop of Mr. Abel Avery, of Hampton, together with nearly every thing contained in them, were consumed by fire. This accident, it is supposed, was occasioned by leaving fire in the shop, a practice too common among mechanics.

184. WH Sat Oct. 8, 1791: A Journeyman Shop-Joiner, who is a good workman at the business, will find employ for six months, by applying to Jabez Gilbert. Windham, Octo. 6, 1791. Wanted, a likely, active Lad, 16 years of age, as an apprentice to the Shop-Joiner’s and painting business—apply as above.

185. WH Sat Oct. 15, 1791: October 4. By the Schooner Hardy, Capt. Green, which sailed from Cape Francois the 12th ult. And arrived here on Saturday morning, we have received intelligence that, the mulattoes and free blacks have got fire-arms, &c. out of the King’s store at the Cape, and done more execution against the black insurgents than the white inhabitants had been able to effect; above 3000 of the insurgents have been killed. They are, however, still strong, and have fortified themselves in two or three different parts of the country. The whites have with difficulty been able to defend the town of Port au Prince on the western part, and Cape Francois on the northward. All applications to the British and Spanish islands for succour, were refused.

186. WH Sat Oct. 22, 1791: New Goods! Cheap for cash or most kinds of Country Produce, Henzy [think a misprint of Henry] Webb, has just received an assortment of Fall Goods, and now ready for sale: among which are ­ Broadcloths, Coatings, Baizes, Flannels, Velvets, Thickfetts [Thicksetts?]—a neat assortment of Chintzes and Calicoes, Shawls, Wildbores and Camblets, &c. &c. Also, Souchong and Bohea Teas, W.I. Rum, Alspice, Ginger, Raisins, German Steel, Warming-pans, Pewter, 7 by 9 and 6 by 9 Glass, 10d and 4d Nails, Redwood, Copperas, Brimstone, Power and Shot, a general assortment of Sadlers’ ware, and many other articles.

187. WH Sat Oct. 22, 1791: Just received from New-York, And now ready for Sale on the lowest terms, by the Subscriber, A good assortment of useful and elegant Goods, suited to the present and approaching season—Among which are, Broadcloths, elastic do. twill’d and plain Coatings, Baizes, Flannels, twill’d Velvets and Thickfetts [Thicksetts?]—A neat and fashionable assortment of Chintzes, Callicoe and Shawls, Wildbores and Camblets, with many other articles in the dry goods liune, making as great a variety as will be found in any country store. Also, Madeira, Lisbon, and Teneriff Wines, Brandy, Geneva, Spirits, Loaf Sugar, Pepper, Alspice, Coffee, dying Woods, &c. &c. for which Cash, and most kinds of Produce, will be taken in payment. Frederick Stanley.

188. WH Sat Oct. 22, 1791: New Cheap Goods, Timothy Warren, has just received a good assortment of Fall Goods, which he is determined to sell at a very small advance for Cash. Among which are ­Scarlet and other coloured Broadcloths, Plain and Elastic Coatings, Baizes and Flannels, Rose Blankets, Royal Ribb, Velvet and Thickfetts, Sattinetta and Lastings, Shaltoons, Durants, Tammies, Moteens, White
Calimancoes, Wildbores, Silk Capes, Vest Patterns, Worsted Hose, Calicoes & Chintzes of the newest and most approved figures, Furniture Calicoes, Linens, Book, jackonett & Cross bar’d Muslins, Cambricks, Lawns and Leno, Muslin Cravats, Silk, Mulsin, Lawn and Linen Handkerchiefs, 4, 5, and 6-4 Chintz and other colour’d Shawls, Ladies newest Hats, Long and short kid Gloves, Modes, Taffeties, Sarfuetts,
Ribbons, Laces, Edgings, &c. Geneva, Loaf Sugar, Cinnamon, Pepper, Alspice, Ginger, Raisins, York-Biscuit, Cotton Wool, Red & Logwood, Fustick, Copperas, Allum, Salt-petre, iron Shovels, Frying-pans, Brass Kettles, Warming-pans, Pewter, Crockery, and many other articles. Wanted, Check woollen Shirting, Tow-cloth, Bees’-wax, and Geese Feathers; for which a generous price will be given. Also, Best Hyson, Souchong and Bohea Teas, fresh and good, --Lisbon and Teneriff Wines, W.I. Rum, French Brandy.

189. WH Sat Oct. 22, 1791: For the Phenix. The Citizen. No. 1. Public measures, and the proceedings of government, are open to the inspection of its Citizens, and subject to their animadversion. Enough appear in every place to censure, and point out the defects and imperfections incident to our policy; but few to show its excellencies; the Citizen undertakes this pleasing task, and wishes for the candid
attention of the public, while he takes a view of the happiness and advantages which his fellow-citizens of the state now enjoy, and the means of continuing and improving them. When a people are in a happy and flourishing state, it is important for them to know it, in order that their complaints may be removed, that they may feel satisfied with themselves, and be disposed to improve these advantages. An impartial view of our present state, will, I believe, without any exaggeration, convince us that the means of becoming respectable and happy, are sufficiently in
our power, and that we have nothing to do or to wish, but to improve them. The first thing which strikes the mind of an attentive observer of the present situation of Connecticut, is her connection with the general government. That government is every day acquiring firmness and stability. Though the habits, tempers, and interests of the various parts of the empire are so different, that in speculation we should pronounce it impossible for the members of the general government to unite in any public measures, yet experience has shewn that mutual condescention will surmount these obstacles, and enable the conductors of the great political machine to proceed in such a manner as to give general satisfaction.
By emigration from abroad, and population at home, our empire increases with a rapidity that astonishes European calculators, and which will soon fill the extensive regions of the west. By a judicious management of our resources, our revenue hath already become respectable, and placed public credit on a permanent basis. So that those who are interested in the public funds, consider their property as resting on a firm foundation. The sale of the western lands, and duties wisely laid on such articles of foreign goods as we do not need, and as ought to
bear a high price, will probably be sufficient to discharge the public demands, and pay the price of our independence without burthening the people with direct taxes. A government with such resources and revenues firmly established, becomes respectable abroad. Foreign nations fear her power, and covet her alliance. Her flag which displays itself in every commercial port, is universally honoured.
Our remote situation from other nations premises long peace; they will not be fond of contending with an empire so fast increasing, so firmly established, and having such powerful resources at command. The causes which create war among European powers, do not here exist; and we have nothing to fear to disturb the general tranquility, unless it be the petty depredations of the Indians on our frontiers, which a small exertion of the military power will easily quell.
The general government being of our own appointment, the members of it being responsible to the people, and their conduct exposed to public censure, they have every inducement to conduct with integrity: so that if we act wisely in the choice of our officers, we have little to fear from internal oppression. Wile the citizens of Connecticut view themselves as a respectable part of so flourishing an empire, the prospect appears peculiarly pleasing; equally pleasing is it also to view our own domestick situation, policy and government.

190. WH Sat Oct. 22, 1791: Pittsburgh, September 24. Lieut. Jeffers from Franklin, has related to us the following, in order to shew the dis-interested attachment of Cornplanter to the United States. A proposal having been made to some of the Warriors of the Six Nations to join the hostile Indians, in order to prevent our army from penetrating into their country, and several had actually accepted the proposal, and were endeavouring to persuade others to join them. As son as the Cornplanter heard of this, he immediately sent a runner, with a speech, which he
ordered to be spoke three times to them, the purport of which was, that if they were determined for war to go off immediately, and never return, for should he, or any of his warriors ever see them, they would put them to death. This had the desired effect, the Indians disbanded, and thus the affair subsided.

191. WH Sat Oct. 22, 1791: Windham, October 22. Died suddenly, Master Bishop Elderkin, on son of Mr. Alfred Elderkin, aged 8 yers—A youth, whose amiable disposition gave the most flattering hopes to his parents.

192. WH Sat Oct. 22, 1791: Among a variety of accounts from Cape-Francois, the following has been related:--A widow, who owned a plantation on which there were about 500 negroes, having always treated them with humanity and kindness, on the alarm from the insurgents, these slaves applied to their owner for arms to defend her property—and when the plantation was attacked they repelled and beat off the assailants, by which means the estate was preserved from destruction. Humanity as well as honesty will be found to be the best policy.

193. WH Sat Oct. 22, 1791: London, August 11. Letters from the North mention, that numbers of people are emigrating to America. Upwards 600 persons, men, women and children, are said to have left the North of Scotland for the state of North Carolina within the last month.

194. WH Sat Oct. 22, 1791: Arnold the Traitor. “To love the treason, and to hate the traitor,” is proverbial. In one Benedict Arnold the proverb has its full verification. At St. John’s where he now resides, but from which we learn, he intends soon to embark for England, he is as much hated and despised, as he would be if in the United States. A few weeks since he was hung in effigy there, in the public market place at noon day; and although he presented the persons whom he supposed the authors of the contempt, the Grand Jury would not, or did not, find a
bill against them. The following Dying Speech was publicly hawked about on the occasion. The last Speech and Confession of Judas: Who was executed at the Public Market Place, in the City of St. John, on the 27th of August, 1791. I was born in America, about the year 1736, of reputable parents; my father was a cobbler and intended me for the same profession, but my restless disposition rendered me unfit for my employment during his life time:--After his death I became a quack Doctor, but want of skill and stability soon reduced me. And having enjoyed the sweets of imprisonment for a reasonable time, I commenced the laudable calling of a Horse Jockey, in the mysteries of which I soon became so great a proficient, that with a hogshead of New-England rum, and half a dozen of old watches, I could purchase a cargo of Horses, at any time, and from a knowledge that jockeying was as necessary and profitable at a sale, as at a purchase, I occasionally visited the West-Indies, where, from the generosity so natural to settlers in some of the Islands, and the ignorance of others, found them an easy prey, and by forming contracts for barrels of Flour, that I had the address to insert as Flour-barrels, I became possessed of a considerable property; but the old adage—“That ill gotten gains are not lasting,” was verified in me, as on the eve of the late American struggle, I found myself
again reduced to penury. A great field now opened, I assumed the character of a Patriot, and thereby imposed on the magnanimous and unsuspecting Washington—and as some acts of desperation, from a want of genuine courage, were necessary to establish a favourable opinion, I exerted myself to the utmost, to confirm it, by committing the most unheard of cruelties, such as burning vessels loaded with
wounded men, &c. as well as imprisoning, torturing, starving, and hanging the Loyalists indiscriminately, whereby every jealousy of my want of fidelity was removed, and I was entrusted with commands accordingly. Treason and avarice being the basis of my composition, I embraced the first officer, and sold myself, with an engagement to sacrifice the army under my command, for the sum, that promised to insure me happiness; I succeeded but in part, and obtained the promised reward, with the unreasonable deduction of 2d sterling from each dollar. Accomplished in villainy, I had the imprudence to solicit, and the address to obtain a British commission, and consequent command, when I committed acts that I blush to repeat; my conduct of late years is too notorious to need a repetition; a gracious King, and a generous nation, have rewarded my Treason with a competency, but I find, and feel, alas! Too late, that they detest the Traitor. Friends I have non—I cannot
forgive my enemies, and the Lord have mercy upon my body, for in souls I have no belief. His Judas Mark [mark on paper]

195. WH Sat Oct. 29, 1791: New Haven, October 1_. Thursday last, the General Assembly of this State, met in this City. The following Gentlemen compose the Lower-House. [I only listed Windham.] Windham, Mr. Zephaniah Swift, chosen second Clerk. Mr. Hezekiah Ripley.
Ashford, Mr. Simon Smith, Mr. Isaac Perkins. Brooklyne, Mr. Ebenezer Scarborough. Canterbury, Mr. Daniel Frost, Mr. Moses Cleveland.
Hampton, Mr. Ebenezer Moseley. Killingly, Mr. Sampson Howe, Mr. Zadock Spalding.
Lebanon, Mr. Elkanah Tisdale, Mr. David Trumbull.
Mansfield, Mr. Constant Southworth, Mr. Abner Huntington.
Plainfield, Mr. Joseph Shepherd, Mr. Ebenezer Eaton.
Pomfret, Mr. Thomas Grosvenor, Mr. Lemuel Ingalls.
Thomson, Mr. Jonathan Nichols.
Voluntown, Mr. Benjamin Dow, Mr. Samuel Robbins.
Woodstock, Mr. Nehemiah Childs, Mr. Noah Mason.

196. WH Sat Oct. 29, 1791: Died, at Norwich, Mr. Erastus Backus, merchant.

197. WH Sat Oct. 29, 1791: Last notice this way. Those persons indebted to the subscriber for excise or impost, must make immediate payment. Eben’r Gray. Windham, Octo. 27, 1791.

198. WH Sat Oct. 29, 1791: Dr. John Ferrill from the state of New York, is now put up at the house of William Chapman, in Preston, where he cures Cancers and Kings Evils. As the first of those disorders has hitherto been deemed incurable, except by the painful operation of [extisbation?], and then seldom, generally having no other effect than to give the unfortunate pain, aggravate the malady and make cost.
It is our wish that the Public may be informed that his methods are simple, and if he effects not the cure he expects no reward. His terms may be known by applying to him at said Chapman’s, as they cannot be fixedly determined, they varying according to the magnitude of the disorder. Simon Brewster, William Belcher, Amos Clift. Preston, August __, 1791. N.B. The Doctor’s recommendation is such from our friends
and acquaintance in those parts from when he came, as leaves no doubt of his abilities.

199. WH Sat Oct. 29, 1791: Strayed from the pasture of the subscriber, the 25th instant a black horse, five or six years old, natural trotter, hind feet white, about 13 and a half hands high, shod before, has lately been _owel’d ­ Whoever will take up said horse, and return him to the subscriber, or inform him where he may be found, shall be generously rewarded, and all necessary charges paid. Nathan Taylor. Windham, October 28, 1791.


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