376. WH Sat Jun. 2, 1792: Knoxville, April 28.
On Thursday morning the 5th instant a party of five or six indians, went to the
house of Harper Ratcliff, in Stanley Valley, about 20 miles
from Hawkins Court house, and killed his wife and three children; plundered the
house, and instantly made off. They left behind them three
war clubs, a bow and a shief of arrows. A company started immediately after them
but returned without being able to overtake the savages.
We hear, that the company under the command of Capt. James Cooper, which was
ordered to go to Mero District, have received orders to range on the frontiers
of Hawkins County, for the defence and protection of the Frontier inhabitants
thereof. They are to range from the Virginia line to the Powder Spring Gap in
Clinch Mountain, and from Powder Spring Gap to the river Holsten.
Extract of a letter from a gentleman in Cumberland to the Printers of this paper,
dated April 2, 1792. The Indians have commenced hostilities against this
country upon every quarter; and we believe it to be the Cherokees and Creeks
from the best information we can receive; they have lately taken a station and
committed several murders and depredations upon our frontier settlements.
377. WH Sat Jun. 2, 1792: Lexington, (Kentucky) Feb,
11. We have heard this morning that the Indians killed a man and
a woman on North Elkhorn on Thursday evening last, near Grants
We are informed that about 50 Indians fired on a boat last week, on the
Ohio, below the mouth of Kentucky, without doing any damage.
On Monday evening last the Indians stole 10 or 12 horses from near Grants
Mill on north Elkhorn and on Tuesday night burnt two dwelling houses
together with all the household furniture belonging to the proprietors.
They having left their houses late in the evening.
378. WH Sat Jun. 2, 1792: Winchester, May 7. We have
received the melancholy information of the Indians having penetrated
into the country as far as the head waters of Dunker Creek, within
fifteen miles of Morgan-Town where they have committed murders on
our innocent fellow citizens, the here recital of which is sufficient
to stir up every latent spark of American valour to revenge. On the
plantation of one Leg
there was a blockhouse in which nine militia men were stationed; seven
of those having gone to the Pau Pau station, about eight miles distant,
on some business with their officer, and the other two being out, cutting
timber for benches, a party of indians, consisting of 15 or 20,
came in the interim, too Mr. Leg, two of his children, a man by the name
of Honsacre (who was out in a field, and was first wounded by them) a
young woman of the name of Baldwin, and five children (part Honsacres)
prisoners. Mrs. Leg was wounded above the shoulder bone, but escaped
to the house of one Cutler. Having forced the prisoners, the Indians
set fire to the dwelling house and block house, and then proceeded up
the creek about nine miles, and encamped. On the march, Honsacre, being
faint with the loss of blood, they pricked him with knives and spears
to make him keep up. At the place the encamped, they scalped him and
knocked out his brains. Mrs. Honsacre, bemoaning the loss of her husband
was tomahawked by them; and her youngest child, who cried bitterly at
the tragic scene she beheld, also fell a sacrifice to savage vengeance.
A part of militia went in pursuit of them next day, arrived where they
had encamped, buried the unfortunate Honsacre, his wife and child, and
then proceeded on, but without effect, as they did not overtake the Indians.
The militia returned the Sunday following, reported that as they came
back they discovered a fresh trail, from which it is conjectured another
party of Indians is still hovering about the settlements. The house above
mentioned, said to be set on fire, was extinguished by a person who was
passing by, before much damage was sustainedthe block house was
reduced to ashes.
379. WH Sat Jun. 2, 1792: Boston, May 23. Last Monday
was found in one of the old tan-pits belonging to Mr. E.W. Calef
of this town the body of a female infant, supposed to be about two
months oldit was jammed up in the shoe of a spout, and a piece
of board nailed over it: the scull of
the child was fractured; it was wrapped up in a piece of check, and probably
had been there some months. The Coroners inquest brought in
their verdict, Murder, against some person or persons unknown.
380. WH Sat Jun. 2, 1792: A likely Jack, will cover
the stable of the subscriber, through the season, except Tuesdays
and Wednesdays, when he will be at Mr. Jesse Barrows. The terms,
to ensure a foal 10s. &SHY; the season, 8s &SHY; single leap 5s.
The subscriber will contract for the miles
at the common price. Benj. Hutchens, jun. Mansfield, June 1, 1792
381. WH Sat Jun. 9, 1792: Windsor, May 15. By a gentleman
from Vershire, in this state, we have the following singular account
Female Greatness. The wife of Mr. Nathan West, of said town, having occasion
to go into a pasture near her house, in order to bring home her
sheep, to secure them from the ravages of wild beasts, spied a large
Bear in full pursuit after one of the Lambs of her flock; upon which
immediately called to her favourite dog for assistance. The faithful
animal, ever open to the calls of his Mistress, obeyed the command and
eagerly leaped off, to secure from destruction the innocent bleating
victim. He immediately engaged with the bear, and threw him upon the
ground- in which situation he held him until his mistress with that degree
of fortitude and resolution, not peculiar to her sex, came up
&SHY;when, grasping with one hand, a leg of the bear, and with the other, a
club, she made such application of the latter to his pate, as almost
instantaneously put a stop to all further appetite or inclination in
him for mutton food &SHY; she supped that evening upon the flesh of the
Whosoever findeth such a Wife &SHY; findeth a GOOD THING!
382. WH Sat Jun. 9, 1792: Died.
Mrs. Ellis Moulton, consort of Mr. James Moulton, of this town, aged
At Mansfield, Mrs. ___ Snow, consort of Mr. Thomas Snow.
383. WH Sat Jun. 16, 1792: Portsmouth, June 2. The
following melancholy occurrence may serve to shew the uncertainty
of life and the certainty of death:--A Mr. Jethro Hill of Candie
[or Candle?], on the 25th ult. was found dead in his field, he left
his family in good spirits, a short time before, in order to prevent
the fire which had caught in some bushes, doing damage to his fence,
however, he was too late, the fire
had got so far a head as to rage with considerable fury, spreading devastation
wherever it went. He fought it for sometime, it is
conjectured, till being exhausted and having no one to assist him, he
became a prey to this devouring elementand was when found, a spectacle
shocking to behold. He was not absent more than an hour from his family
when found in the above situation.
384. WH Sat Jun. 16, 1792: Died.
Mr. Simeon Robinson, aged 90.
In the Creek Country, Col. Alexander MGillvroy, the celebrated
Chief of that nation, and an ally of the United States.
385. WH Sat Jun. 16, 1792: The hon. Court of probate,
for the district of Windham, hath allowed six months from this date,
for the creditors to the estate of Dr. Thomas Gray, late of Windham,
deceased, to exhibit their claims against said estate, to the subscriber,
or be debarred a
recovery agreeable to law. Saml Gray, Admr. to law. Windham,
June 12, 1792.
386. WH Sat Jun. 16, 1792: Lost, the 4th inst. in Mansfield,
two town orders both jointly in favour of Mrs. Lucy Adams, and Col.
Storrs, as executors to the estate of Dr. David Adams, late of Mansfield,
deceased. One order was given for 3 [English pounds] 12 8; and the other
for 3 [English pounds] 8 5. Whoever will return them to the subscriber,
shall be generously rewarded. Jabez Adams. Mansfield,
June 14, 1792.
387. WH Sat Jun. 23, 1792: Columbia, May 8. Sunday
last one Gardner Williams was shot dead by a person of the name of
Massey, on his
plantation about 16 miles from town. Massey is not yet apprehended. Wednesday
last William Massey, who killed Gardner Williams a few days since, surrendered
himself to John Wilson, Esq, justice of peace, and was by him committed
to Camden goal, in order to take his trial next session.
388. WH Sat Jun. 23, 1792: Philadelphia, June 13. We
are sorry to learn, that Capt. Monfort [Monsort?], and a soldier
of the first
regiment, being lately a short distance from Fort Jefferson were killed
and scalped by the Indians, parties of whom are constantly hovering
round that post, so that it is dangerous to venture out of sight of it.
This happened at the same place where Capt. Shaylors son was killed
389. WH Sat Jun. 23, 1792: Lansingburg, May 18. A gentleman
lately from Canada, says that many of the Indians in the two provinces
are engaged and engaging with the western Indians in the ensuing
campaigns and from what he could discover, the recruiting business
is more encouraged than discouraged by the inhabitants.
390. WH Sat Jun. 23, 1792: Boston, June 11. On Thursday
last a melancholy accident happened at Chelsea. Two sons of Mr. John
that town, and a young man by the name of Cutter from Cambridge, sat
out early in the morning on a fishing party. They had not left shore
more than fifteen minutes when the boat overset, and notwithstanding
the exertions of the several persons who saw the disaster, they all
perished. June 13. The bodies of three young mentioned in our last, to
have been drowned, were found on Sunday, and interred.
391. WH Sat Jun. 23, 1792: Windham, June 23. Wednesday,
a barn belonging to Mr. Asa Kimball, of Hampton, was struck with
lightening and consumed.
392. WH Sat Jun. 23, 1792: Badger & Webb, In the
new Store opposite Maj. John Ripleys tavern, have just received,
and are now opening for sale, A genteel assortment of Calicoes and
Chintzes, with a variety of other goods; suitable for the season.
They have a large assortment of
Crockery ware, also Rum, Loaf and Brown Sugar, Bar Iron, German Steel,
Tea, Coffee, &c. &c. which they will sell at a very low advance
ready pay. They flatter themselves that those gentlemen and ladies who
will give themselves the trouble to call at their store, view the Goods,
and hear the prices, will be induced to purchase. The smallest favours
will be gratefully acknowledged. N.B. They want to purchase Towcloth,
checkd and white Flannel, Butter, Cheese, Grain, GeeseFeathers,
Wax, Sheeps Wool, &c. Windham, June 20, 1792.
393. WH Sat Jun. 23, 1792: The hon. court of probate
for the district of Pomfret, having allowed six months from the 12th
of June instant, for the creditors of Abijah Brooks, late of Ashford,
deceased, to exhibit their claims against said estate; demands not
properly attested within
said term, will be forever debarred. Lucy Brooks, Admx. Nathaniel
Brooks, Admr. Ashford, 12th June, 1792.
394. WH Sat Jun. 23, 1792: Chronology of Facts. (Chronology,
although a science at present little studied, is, nevertheless, not
uses. By Chronology we are taught how to affix a proper date to all historical
events, without which knowledge history itself is lame and
defective and productive of little satisfaction to the student. For want
of due and faithful application to this excellent science, it is that
European and Asiatic accounts of distant events do so widely disagree
in point of date as not to be reconciled by any ingenuity or learning
the present age. To prevent American chronology from suffering in like
manner, I have begun to keep a regular list of American Chronological
Occurrences, of which, gentle reader, be pleased to take the following
1775-1783. Liberty established in America by the blood and property of
1783-1789. Patriots get for their services two shillings in the pound.
1789-1790. Speculators receive without services two pounds on the shilling.
About this time the prostitution of the press is attempted
with some degree of success.
1790. The millions of dollars flowing into the hands of speculators produce
a glare of wealth, which is misrepresented for general
prosperity. The people asleep, and speculators forging the chains of
monarchy and aristocracy for them.
1791. The people, still asleep. The reign of speculators. A free gift
of sixty per cent added to the capitals of speculators by means of the
bank, and other governmental douceurs. Banks, bubbles, tontines, lotteries,
monopolies, usury, forgery, lying, gambling, swindling, &c.
&c. abound. Poverty in the countryluxury in the capitalscorruption
and usurpation in the national councils.
1792. Bubbles burst. The champions of public faith turn out swindlers
&SHY; Members of Cngs detected and exposed in their speculations
and combinations. The waste of luxury turning the stream of our wealth to foreign
countries, and making us tributaries for four millions a year to the brokers
of London and Amsterdam. The people begin to awake. Speculators are alarmedtheir
1793.March. (A New Era) The people thoroughly awake. The national
councils purged of stock-jobbing, monarchy-jobbing, bank-jobbing, and
aristocracy-jobbing. Effectual measures taken to secure public credit
by paying off the public debt, and to support the energy of the government
by regaining the confidence of the people. Industry, order, and virtue
established. Republicanism flourishes, and is again in fashion. The people
rejoice in freedom, and are determined to maintain it.
395. WH Sat Jun. 30, 1792: Knoxville, May 29. Extract
of a letter from a gentleman in Fayette county, Kentucky, to his
brother in Green county, dated May 1. I am very sorry to inform
you of the invasion of our country. It is said 600 Indians are now
in our settlements. The night
before last a party of them burnt Frankfort, a frontier town, and killed
396. WH Sat Jun. 30, 1792: Died.
Mrs. Mart Whiting, relict of Capt. John Whiting, aged 73.
Mrs. Edy Spencer, consort to Mr. Samuel Spencer, aged 29.
At Hartford, very suddenly, Mr. Daniel Merril, aged 43.
397. WH Sat Jun. 30, 1792: Edmund Badger, Esq. is appointed
an Auxiliary Collector of the Revenue, for the County of Windham,
district of Connecticut. John Chester, Supervisor. Windham, June 25,
398. WH Sat Jun. 30, 1792: To be sold. That elegant
and beautiful Mansion House and Out-houses, lately occupied and owned
by Col. Eleazer
Fitch, situated a little to the Eastward of the Court-House in Windham,
together with about 24 acres of good land adjoining; consisting of
mowing, pasturing, plowing, &c. which will be sold on the most reasonable
terms. For particulars apply to Ebenezer Whiting. Norwich
June 29th, 1792.
399. WH Sat Jun. 30, 1792: Pitsburgh, May 28.
MassyHerbeson, on he oath, according to law, being taken before John
Wilkins, Esq. one of the commonwealths Justices of the peace
in and for the county of Alleghany, deposeth and saith, that on
the 22d day of this instant, she was taken from her house within
200 yards of Reeds
block-house which is called 25miles from Pitsburgh; her husband being
one of the spies, was from home, two of the scouts had lodged with her
that night but had left he house about sunrise in order to go to the
blockhouse, and had left the door standing wide open; shortly after the
two scouts went away, a number of Indians came into the house and drew
her out of bed by the feet, the two eldest children, who also lay in
another bed were drawn out in the same manner, a younger child, about
one year old, slept with the deponent; the Indians then scrambled about
the articles in the house, when they were at this work the deponent went
out of the house and hollowed to the people in the blockhouse; one of
the indians then ran up and stopped her mouth, another ran up with his
tomahawk drawn, and a third ran and seized the tomahawk and called her
his squaw; this last indian claimed her as his, and continued by her;
about fifteen of the indians then ran down towards the blockhouse, and
fired their guns at the block and store house, in consequence of which
one soldier was killed and another wounded, one having been at the spring,
and the other in coming or looking out of the store house; this deponent
then told the Indians there were about forty men in the block house and
each man had two guns, the Indians then went to them that were firing
at the blockhouse and brought them back, they then began to drive the
deponent and her children away, but a boy about three years old being
unwilling to leave the house, they took it by the heels and dashed it
against the house, then stabbed and scalped it; they then took the deponent
and the two other children to the top of the hill, where they stopped
until they tied up the plunder they had got, while they were busy about
this, the deponent counted them and the number amounted to thirty-two,
including two white men that were with them painted like the Indians.
That several of the Indians could speak English, and that she knew three
or four of them very well, having often seen them go up and down
the Alleghany river, two of them she knew to be Seneccas and two Munsees,
who had got their guns mended by her husband about two years
agothat they sent two Indians with her, and the others took their
course towards Pucktythat she, the children and two Indians had
gone above two hundred yards when the Indians caught two of her uncles
horses, put her and the youngest child on one and one of the Indians
and the other child on, the otherthat the two Indians then took
her and the children to the Alleghany river, and took them over in bark
canoes, as they could not get the horses to swim the riverafter
they had crossed the river the oldest child, a boy of about five years
of age, began to mourn for his brother, one of the Indians then tomahawked
and scalped him; that they travelled all day very hard, and that night
arrived at a large camp covered with bark; which, by appearance, might
hold fifty men; that the camp appeared to have been occupied some time,
it was very much beaten, and large beaten paths went out in different
directions from it; that night they took her about three hundred yards
from the camp into a large dark bottom, bound her arms, gave her some
bedclothes, and lay down one on each side of her; that the next morning
they took her into a thicket on the hill side, and one remained with
her till the middle of the day, while the other went to watch the path,
least some white people should follow them; they then exchanged places
during the remainder of the day: She got a piece of dry venison about
the bulk of an egg that day, and a piece about the same size the day
they were marching; that evening, (Wednesday the 23d) they moved her
to a new place, and secured her as the night before: During the day of
the 23d, she made several attempts to get the Indians gun or tomahawk,
that was guarding her, and could she have got either, she would have
put him to death, she was nearly detected in trying to get the tomahawk
from his belt.
The next morning (Thursday) one of the Indians went out as on the day
before to watch the path, the other lay down and fell asleep; when she
found he was sleeping she stole her short gown, handkerchief, and a childs
frock, and then made her escapethe sun was then about half an
hour highthat she took her course from the Alleghany, in order
to deceive the Indians, as they would naturally pursue her that way;
day she travelled along Conequenessing creek, the next day she altered
her course as she believes, fell upon the waters of Pine creek, which
empties into the Alleghanythinking this not her best course, took
over some dividing ridges, fell in on the heads of Squaw run, she lay
dividing ridge on Friday night, and on Saturday came to Squaw run, continued
down the run until an Indian, or some other person, shot at a
deer; she saw the person about 150 yards from her, the deer running,
and the dog pursuing it, which from the appearance, she supposed to be
an indian dog- she then altered her course, but again came to the same
run, and continued down it until she got so tired that she was obliged
to lay down, it having rained on her all that day and the night before,
she lay there that night, it rained constantly; on Sunday morning she
proceeded down the run until she came to the Alleghany river, and continued
down the river till she came opposite to Carters house, on the
inhabited side, where she made a noise, and James Closier brot
her over the river to Carters house.
This deponent further says, that in conversing with one of the Indians
that could talk English very well, which she suspects to be George Jelloway,
he asked her if she knew the prisoner that was taken by Jeffers and his
Seneccas, and in Jail in Pittsburgh? She answered nohe
said you lie. She again said she knew nothing about him; he said she
did, that he was a spy, and a great Captain; that he took Butlers
scalp, and that they would have him or twenty scalps; he again said that
they would exchange for him; that him and two more was sent out to see
what the Americans were doing; that they came round from Detroit to Venango;
the Indian took paper and shewed her that he, at Fort Pitt,
could write and draw on it; he also asked her if a campaign was going
out against the Indians this summer &SHY; she said nohe called
her a liar,
and said they were going out, and that the Indians would serve them as
they did last year, he also said the English had guns, ammunition, &c.
to give them to go to war, and that they had given them plenty last year:
this deponent also says that she saw one of the Indians have
Captain Cribs sword, which she well knew, that one of the Indians
asked her if she knew Thomas Girty, she said she didhe then said
that Girty lived near Fort Pitt, that he was a good man, but not as good
as his brother at Detroit, but that his wife was a bad woman, she tells
the Indians, and is a friend to America. Sworn before me the day and
year first above written. John Wilkins.