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The Willimantic Journal

An Independent, Local, Family Newspaper.

Published Every Saturday Morning

By E.S. Simpson

Office in Franklin Building, Up Stairs

The Willimantic Journal May 1861

385. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Raising Early Tomatoes. A correspondent of the Country Gentleman gives the following method for raising early plants. Start the seed in a box of moist earth, and when the plants are about two inches high, transplant them into a turnip, scooped out and filled with fine rich mold. Set them out in your hotbed, and when the spring frosts are past, remove them to the garden. This is better than making a basket for the roots, as sometimes recommended, as the turnip decays, and nourishes the plant. Tomatoes are benefited by an early transplanting, which causes them to throw out more roots and grow 'stocky.' Do not pinch out the center shoot, unless you wish a succession of lateral suckers all the season. If you start the seeds in a hotbed, the plants should still be moved, if only an inch or two, in the bed.

386. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: The First Regiment. Gov. Buckingham says that no troops will leave Connecticut by his order, until they are fully armed and in condition, by camp equipage, etc., to take care of themselves any where. This course is adopted under the advice of Gen. Scott, and Col. Tyler is actively engaged in putting the troops into requisite trim for self-sustenance in any position to which they may be called by the fortunes of war. This is as it should be.

387. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: A soldier who escaped from Charleston, states that he served at the guns during the fight, on Fort Moultrie. Nearly every shot from Fort Sumter killed somebody. Between three and four hundred were killed, and a large number wounded at Fort Moultrie, during the siege. The killed were collected in a mass and interred at night in the Potter's Field. Many were also killed in the dwellings outside the fort. The soldiers were threatened with death if they disclosed the facts about the killed. People were constantly inquiring for friend and were assured that they were at Sullivan's Island. Another man who was at Morris Island, says one hundred and fifty were killed there, and forty at Sullivan's Island. He makes the same statement relative to the dead being buried at night in Potter's Field. He also states that the Negroes only want their leaders to give the word, when the slaughter will be terrible.

388. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: On Monday afternoon the Buckingham Rifle Company of Norwich, passed through this village on their way to Hartford, to report for service. It numbers about 100 rank and file, and is a fine body of men. The arrival of the Norwich boys attracted a large number of spectators to the depot, who cheered them enthusiastically, on their arrival and leaving of the train.

389. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Troops in and for Washington. A writer in the Providence Journal has an article proving that the troops in Washington or moving toward it now amount to 35,000. This is inclusive of 12,000 at Philadelphia, Harrisburg and Perryville. The regiments reported as ready for transportation and awaiting orders number 18,000. Eleven first class ocean steamers are now engaged in transporting troops, stores, &c. from New York to Washington.

390. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: A town meeting is called in Mansfield, for Monday, May 6th, to take such steps as may be deemed necessary, to fit out volunteers for the army of the Union, &c.

391. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: The Philadelphia Ledger says: It is rumored that a committee of capitalists from New York and the East have gone on to Washington, to offer the Government an amount of money sufficient to raise an army of men sufficient to carry the war at once to the heart of secession, in the Cotton States, and end it in the speediest manner. This is the true course to be pursued, and our Government will eventually be forced to assume this position. The secessionists do not mean to yield except by force, and force sufficient to make them do so should be called into service.

392. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: To the threats of Mr. Davis' Secretary of War, at Montgomery, reiterated by his Vice President, at Richmond, says the New York Times, we can only say that it is the flag of the Union which is to float forever from the heights of Washington; that it will be maintained there, if to maintain it costs more men than the rebel states can muster in their borders, and more money than they can raise on the mortgage of all their property, fixed or moveable ten times told. The pirates of the Confederacy will be dealt with according to the universal law of the high seas; and, instead of President Lincoln's being drive ignominiously from the Capital of the Government, where he has been placed by the people, the people will take good care to bring to their deserts the traitors and rebels - whether Presidents or Vice-Presidents - who dare to threaten them with this irretrievable disgrace.

393. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Arlington Heights are opposite Georgetown, and about two miles from the President's house; the heights southeast of the capital, one the Maryland side, on which the Insane Asylum is situated, are a mile distant from the navy yard; Fort Washington is fifteen miles below the capital; and Alexandria, where the rebel troops are concentrating, is nine miles down the river. A railroad is in the hands of the rebels, running from Alexandria to the Long Bridge, Washington.

394. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Pay of the Militia While in Service. Several inquiries have been made concerning the pay to which the militia is entitled while in the service of the government. The following table gives full information:

Rank, pay per month

Colonel, $218.00

Lieut. Colonel, 194.00

Major, 175.00

Captain, 118.00

First Lieutenant, 108.50

Second Lieutenant, 100.50

Brevet Second Lieutenant, 103.50

First, or Orderly Sergeant, 29.00

Other Sergeants, 27.00

Corporals, 22.00

Privates, 20.00

Musicians, 21.00

Officers are required to provide their own uniforms and equipment, but the men are clothes and armed by the government. The popular belief has been that privates received only $11 per month, but it appears that they receive $20 from the government. It should be understood that the above figures cover the rations of the officers and men. For instance: the First Lieutenant receives as regular salary, $50 per month, and the balance to make 108.50, is for rations allowed that officer.

395. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: John Bell a Disunionist. The Hon. John Bell, of Tennessee, has fallen. He is no longer for the Union, the Constitution, and enforcement of the laws. He is fast bound in Davis' Straits, and wants to go South. He is the last man that ought to have deserted the Union, since his only claim for the suffrages of the people was the Union. He is unworthy of the gallant party that made him their leader.

396. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: The Maine and New Hampshire Troops. The steamers Empire State and the State of Maine, are at Fall River under orders to take the Maine and New Hampshire troops to New York, which are momentarily expected there. They number about five thousand.

397. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Fort Warren, at the entrance of Boston Harbor, has been garrisoned by 160 infantry from Boston, under the command of Major R.W. Newton. It is said the fort will require 2000 men for a full garrison, and it will be further reinforced in a short time.

398. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: An Irishman who lived six miles from Columbus, S.C., had his farm pillaged and everything stolen from him, his wife chased into a swamp, and himself and son flogged with five hundred lashes. They were then taken with their five children to Charleston, put in prison, where they were charged five dollars a day for board, taking all the money they had, and put on board the schooner B.D. Pitts, which arrived at New York on Monday. The man's name is Tracy. He served under General Scott in the army. The brutalities shown were in consequence of his not signing a paper giving in his allegiance to the Southern Confederacy. His back is in a shocking condition.

399. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: On Tuesday evening, April 23, an explosion, caused by lightning, occurred in the drying mill at Col. Hazard's works at Enfield. It contained sixty-three barrels of the best Kentucky rifle powder, each one holding one hundred and twenty-five pounds. The loss is about $5,500. The explosion was distinctly heard many miles in every direction. No lives were lost.

400. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Hon. Charles H. Pond, late Lieut. Governor, and part of his official term Governor of this State, died on Monday at his residence in Milford.

401. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Seventy-one thousand volunteers have offered their services to Gov. Dennison, of Ohio, to fill the thirteen regiments required.

402. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Indiana has her six regiments organized, and offers six more. The Legislature appropriates half a million.

403. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: David B. Lockwood of New York, fell from the New London cars as they were leaving the city, Monday, and was taken up insensible.

404. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: A meeting of Germans was held at Norwich on Wednesday evening, and it was decided to organize a company of flying Artillery.

405. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: For the Journal. Friend Simpson. A Military Company is being formed in South Mansfield, about 60 names are already enrolled and many more are coming in. Their drill room for the present is the Conference Hall, close by our stronghold of Civil and Religious Liberty, from the spire of which gallantly floats to the breeze, freedom's emblem, "The Stars and Stripes." Old Mansfield is determined to be well represented in the Legions now promptly responding to their Country's call to preserve the Government, maintain order, dispute, whip, Subjugate, and if need be annihilate the Southern piratical rebels, whose aim clearly is the dismemberment and overthrow of the noblest, best and wisest government the world ever saw. In such times as these the motto "eternal vigilance is the price of liberty" must ever be remembered and acted on. We may have traitors here at the north - I hope not, both for the honor of the country and the safety of the parties. Mansfield will see to it, if any are found speaking or acting treason in her limits, that they are suitably "rewarded."

The busy hum of industry is still heard and with increased vigor. Agricultural, Manufacturing and Mercantile interests are prospering, numerous additions, improvements, and alterations, have been ad are being made to the houses and grounds of our residents. Mansfield Centre, May 1st, 1861.

406. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Washington, April 30. The National Intelligencer says that both Houses of the Maryland Legislature have passed a resolution affirming the right of the general government to march troops through Maryland without hindrance, to defend Washington. Correspondence from the South represents that North Carolina went out of the Union by acclamation. The Virginians are removing all the machinery from Harper's Ferry to Richmond. Not the slightest disturbance of the peace has occurred, notwithstanding the large number of troops here. The ladies of the city have tendered their services as hospital nurses if required. Some are preparing lint in case it should be needed, but there are no apprehensions on that point. Some Virginia papers quietly hint at the formation of a large military camp in the vicinity of the town of Dumfries, near the Potomac, about 25 miles below Alexandria. Many military companies recently arrived at Alexandria have been transferred thither, it is believed.

407. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Below are specimens of the superiority our Northern army will be found to have over our Southern enemies; each man can do something besides fight. Here are two instances: "The conduct of the Eighth Massachusetts Regiment is deserving of the greatest praise. When Gen. Butler asked if any of them could sail the Constitution, fifty-four men stepped from the ranks, one of whom was the son of the man who built her! "A similar incident occurred when the General called for mechanics to put the dislocated engine together. One stalwart Yankee stepped from the ranks and said, 'Well, General, I rather think I can - I made that engine;' and in two hours the engine was at work drawing trains with the troops toward Washington. The efficacy of the stalwart six-footers with which the regiment abounds, was a most fortunate thing for the vast body of troops concentrating there."

408. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Another Outrage. We are informed that schooners Challenge, Pickens, and Mary A. Rowland, Burt arrived at Somerset on Monday from Charleston, S.C. The captain of one of these vessels, we were unable to learn which, reports that his vessel was fired into in Charleston harbor, the shot passing through the galley and breaking the cook's leg.

409. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Connecticut Troops. Three Regiments have already been made up in Connecticut, and we learn from the Hartford Post, on Monday, the fourth was nearly completed, seven companies having already reported themselves full, and ready for service. The Connecticut boys will be there when the tocsin sounds.

410. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: It is reliably stated that Alex. H. Stephens, the Vice-President of the rebels, is in Richmond, and that as he traveled to that city, he every where made inflammatory speeches urging a descent upon Washington. It is also believed that Beauregard, the best of the rebel officers, is in Richmond, and that several thousand troops are being sent in the same direction from the extreme South.

411. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Captain. Andrew Talcott, U.S. Topographical Engineer, a native of Connecticut, has gone to Richmond to superintend the manufacture of arms to be used against the Government.

412. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: From Montgomery. The Confederacy appeals to its allies for aid. We have the Montgomery Mail of April 15. This paper is printed at the capital of the new government, and contains an appeal to the friends and allies of the South. It is as follows: "The border states and the Northern Democracy generally, have pledged themselves by legislative and conventional resolutions, to oppose and to resist coercion, we have been assured that if the Black Republican government make ware on the South, would help us overthrow the abominable Black Republican party. The time has come when the true friends of the South, of state rights, of popular liberty, and the rights we are defending, will manifest themselves. There is no longer any neutral ground; all those who are not for us, are against us." Perhaps this call may be heeded!!

413. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: New York, April 30. Steamer Marion, with brig Perry, from Annapolis, Sunday, arrived this morning. Special Dispatch to the Tribune states that Messrs. Dwight and Andrews have been authorized to raise two Massachusetts regiments, to serve through the war. A special messenger sails in the next European steamer to purchase half a million worth of arms for this State. The Times has a special dispatch from Frederick, Maryland, which says that a direct vote on the secession question, in the house of delegates, stood 53 against secession to 13 for it. All the Union men are leaving Eastern Virginia, where heavy depredations are made on private property by the armed rabble. Armed secession corps have been pronounced by the State Judge, as illegal, and the sheriffs have been directed to take their arms from them. The Union Defense Committee of New York city have sent a petition to the Secretary of the Navy for the permanent removal of the Naval School from Annapolis to Newport.

414. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: What the Secessionists Have Done Thus Far. - Abolished the Fourth of July; given up the Stars and Stripes; defrauded their Northern creditors; stolen some millions of the National treasury; fired into an unarmed steamer; established a mock Constitution which they dare not submit to the people; taken possession of two or three skiffs and tugs; captured a half-starved fortress; killed two Massachusetts boys; ruined the commerce of every Southern port; lowered the price of niggers fifty per cent; and made themselves a boy word and a hissing, throughout the civilized world. - New York Leader.

415. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Marriages.

In Willimantic, April 23, by Rev. E.D. Bentley, Mr. George D. Harris and Mrs. Jane D. Bentley, all of Willimantic.

416. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Deaths.

In Windham Centre, 1_th ult., Mr. Levi Johnson, aged 88 years. Another of our aged and well known citizens has passed away. Mr. Johnson had during a long life been remarkable for vigorous health and active industrious habits. He had been a member of the Legislature, and was highly esteemed for his genial disposition and neighborly qualities. By industry and frugality he had amassed considerable property, and at his death ranked among our wealthiest citizens.

In Willimantic, 29th ult., Mrs. Ann Heeney, aged 37 years.

In Willimantic, 30th ult., Mrs. Ellen Riley, aged 45 years.

In Mansfield, 29th ult., Clarissa Royce.

417. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: For Sale. One Quarter Acre of Land, situated in Windham Center, with a Dwelling House, Barn, &c., thereon. For terms apply to H. Webb. West Killingly, May 3, 1861.

418. TWJ Fri May 3, 1861: Curious Animal. Australia is a land full of natural wonders to us. Great tracts of that country are covered with balls of quartz, shot, as it were, from some lunar battery; the native kills the jumping kangaroo by shooting the boomerang "round the corner;" and there is an ornithoryncus, which puzzles naturalists to classify by its paradoxical peculiarities. It appears to be a link between the quadruped, bird and reptile. Its body is something like that of a beaver; it ahs four short legs and is web-footed, and on its little flat head it has the bill of a duck. These creatures live a great deal in water; their resorts are quiet creeks fringed with reeds, among which they search for food. They burrow in the banks of streams like moles, in disposition they are timid, playful and harmless, and they have been made very amusing pets.

419. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: The Time to Fight Has Come. The following revolutionary incident, which a writer in the Philadelphia Press has recalled, is of peculiar interest at the present time. We presume some of our readers have seen it before, but we publish it at this time for the benefit of those who have not. One of the most thrilling reminiscences in the annals of the American revolution, is related of General Peter Muhlenberg, whose ashes repose in the burying ground of 'The Old Trappe Church,' in Montgomery county, this state. When the war broke out, Muhlenberg was the rector of a Protestant Episcopal church in Dunmore county, Virginia. On a Sunday morning he administered the communion of the Lord's Supper to his charge, stating that in the afternoon of that day, he would preach a sermon on 'the duties men owe to their country.' At the appointed time the building was crowded with anxious listeners. The discourse, if we remember correctly, was founded upon the text from Solomon, 'there is a time for every purpose and for every work.' The sermon burned with patriotic fire; every sentence and intonation told the speaker's deep earnestness in what he was saying. Pausing a moment at the close of his discourse, he repeated the words of his text, and then, in tones of thunder, exclaimed: The time to preach has past: The Time To Fight Has Come! And suiting the action to the word, he threw from his shoulders his Episcopal robes, and stood before his congregation arrayed in military uniform. Drumming for recruits was commenced on the spot, and it is said that almost every male of suitable age in the congregation enlisted forthwith.

420. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: Advice to Soldiers. The following suggestions are given by an old soldier:

1. Remember that in a campaign more men die from sickness than by the bullet.

2. Line your blanket with one thickness of brown drilling. This adds but four ounces in weight and doubles the warmth.

3. Buy a small India rubber blanket (only $1.50) to lay on the ground, or to throw over your shoulders when on duty during a rain storm. Most of the eastern troops are provided with these. Straw to lie upon is not always to be had.

4. The best military hat in use is the light colored soft felt; the crown being sufficiently high to allow space for air over the brain. You can fasten it up as a continental in fair weather, or turn it down when it is wet or very sunny.

5. Let your beard grow so as to protect the throat and lungs.

6. Keep your entire person clean; this prevents fevers and bowel complaints in warm climates. Wash your body each day, if possible. Avoid strong coffee and oily meat. General Scott said that the too free use of these (together with the neglect of keeping the skin clean) cost many a soldier his life, in Mexico.

7. A sudden chick of perspiration by chilly or night air, often causes fever and death. When thus exposed do not forget your blanket.

421. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: There is a story told by one of the Seventh, that no one can listen to without tears and a glow of pride in our New England soldiers. He says, 'while encamped in Maryland, I wandered off one day and came to a farm house, where I saw a party of those Massachusetts fellows - well, no, they were Rhode Island boys, but it's all the same - talking with a woman who was greatly frightened. They tried in vain to quiet her apprehensions. They asked for food, and she cried, 'O, take all I have, take everything, but spare my sick husband.' 'O darn it,' said one of the men, 'we ain't going to hurt you; we want something to eat.' But the woman persisted in being frightened, in spite of all efforts to reassure her, and hurried whatever food she had on the table. But, said the lieutenant, when she saw this company stand about the table with bared heads, and a tall, gaunt man raise his hand and invoke God's blessings on the bounties spread before them, the poor woman broke down with a fit of sobbing and crying. She had no longer any fears, but bid them wait and in a few moments she had made them hot coffee in abundance. She then emptied their canteens of the muddy water they contained, and filled them with coffee. Her astonishment increased when they insisted on paying her. Said she, 'Their asking a blessing took me by surprise, and when I saw this, I felt that our country was safe, with such men to fight for it.'

422. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: From day to day the wires of the telegraph and the columns of newspapers teem with reports from Washington, relative to what the government is doing or about to do, as to military movements. One day it is reported that an attack is to be made on some stronghold of the enemy, and the next intelligence contradicts the first assertion, and locates the military demonstration in another and distance section of country. All these reports should be received with a great deal of allowance, or perhaps it would be better to place no confidence at all in them. The men at the head of our government have too much sagacity to make public declaration of what they contemplate doing, as such a course would inform those against whom the movement was to be made, and would serve no other purpose than to give them time and opportunity to counteract the plans. Many statements are made, in times like the present, as being positively true, which the parties making them find necessary to contradict, and from late events we are more than ever satisfied that no report of important movement should be received as truth till events shall verify it. The best way is to keep cool, for matters are about transpiring which may call for all the patriotism, philosophy and equanimity we can muster.

423. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: A grand vocal and instrumental Concert will be given at Bassett's Hall, in this village, on Thursday evening, 16th inst., under the direction of Prof. A.A. Hall. The net proceeds of the Concert will be handed over to the committee appointed at our late town meeting to be devoted to the cause our country, in paying for the outfit, &c., of the brave men who have volunteered from this town. The motive is in every way commendable, and the music we are assured will be such as to afford to the audience a rare opportunity of enjoying a concord of sweet sounds, being a selection of the best of our National Patriotic songs. No Pains or expenses have been spared to render this concert one of the prominent features of the season.

424. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: Bad Business. Henrys, Smith and Townsend, the great Southern political dry goods house at New York, have been shabbily treated by their Southern masters. Those of the chivalry who stood indebted to them have refused to settle up their accounts, and in consequence the house has been compelled to ask for an extension. Thus the wages of corruption in trade-politics are found by Messrs. H.S. & T. to be anything but satisfactory when reckoning day comes.

425. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: The names of the Massachusetts soldiers slain by the traitorous mob in Baltimore, are Addison O. Whitney and Luther C. Ladd of Lowell, and Sumner H. Needham of Lawrence. The first two were young men, machinists by trade, and both were killed by gun-shots.

426. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: War Terms. A battalion is a body smaller than a regiment, say two or four companies, and is commanded by a Major. A regiment is composed of eight companies, and is commanded by a Colonel; it has also a Lieut. Col. And a Major. A brigade is composed of two or more regiments, and is commanded by a Brigadier General. A division is composed of two or more brigades, and is commanded by a Major General. Lieutenant General is an office created in honor of Gen. Scott, after the war with Mexico, and is, in this country, peculiar to him only.

427. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: The latest news from the rebel forces indicates that dissensions have broken out in the camp of the rebels. The troops from the Gulf States desire an immediate attack upon Washington, but Virginia opposes it, and the fight among the rival factions is becoming very lively.

428. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: Fear if a Slave Insurrection in Kentucky. Private advices from Lexington, Ky., indicate that great alarm exists there, for fear of a slave insurrection. Men patrol the streets night and day, and it is stated that two weeks ago five negroes were shot on one plantation.

429. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: The Southern press is beginning to realize the true condition of affairs at the North, and manifest a very different tone in commenting upon the coming struggle. In fact, they begin to express alarm at the military uprising which they have evoked by their folly. The Mobile (Ala.) Mercury of the 28th ult., one of the more violent promoters of sedition, says: "The last few days has amazed the government of the Confederate States, we imagine, no less than the people. The public mind in the North is in a furor, and a unit on the present practical question. Our Northern friends, it is remembered, were always "Union men." The Union men of the North are now practically our enemies as much as the abolitionists. Having failed to seduce us to stay in, or return to the Union, with their blarney about peace - to maintain the integrity of the Union by moral suasion - they are as much inclined to try what virtue there is in stones as the rabidert abolitionist that ever wore a lock of negro's hair in a golden locket. Their voice is for was - their money is for war - they offer their bodies to go to the slaaughter us. With all the imagined peace sentiment which was hoped to exist to control the war spirit, we scarcely dare to hope to see Southern spirit aroused to so high a pitch to resist it as the Northern spirit is to subjugate and force us back into a hateful Union. The power that is marshaling with men and money to an amount beyond anything it is possible for the Confederate States to command, must be met, not with braggart threat of carrying our flag triumphant over their Capital and through their country, but with strong arms and stout hearts upon our own soil whenever and wherever invaded. Upon our own soil we can be conquerors."

430. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: Some of the military of Baltimore have disbanded. Several active participators in the late mob have gone.

431. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: A brigade of New Jersey troops, in fourteen propellers, left on Friday for Washington. They passed Philadelphia at midnight and were saluted.

432. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: The number of vessels now in commission, preparing for sea, and ready to enter the United States service, is forty-seven, carrying 716 guns.

433. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: The Louisville Journal learns that a man known as Squire Nichols was hung at the station on the Memphis, Clarksville and Louisville Railroad for expressing Union sentiments.

434. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: To make up the 30,000 men demanded of N.Y. State by the U.S. Government, 380 companies are wanted. Up to Friday 415 companies had been entered at Albany. This shows the spirit of the people.

435. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: There is a stampede of people from Tennessee for the North; 2,000 left Memphis in one day. It is reported that Tennessee declines at present to allow the Confederated troops from Kentucky to pass through the State to Montgomery.

436. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: There is a great scarcity of percussion caps in the Southern Confederacy, and a bonus is said to have been offered by the State authorities of Virginia to any one who will establish a percussion cap manufactory in that State.

437. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: Connecticut Legislature. This body met on Wednesday at Hartford, and at 10 a.m. assembled at their rooms in the State House. The Senate was called to order by the Secretary of State. All the members were present except Mr. Wighteman of the 7th district. William W. Stone, of New Haven, was chosen Clerk by a vote of 12 to 7 - John T. Peters, Jr., receiving 6, and Elisha Johnson 2 votes. Andrew B. Mygatt, of the 16th district, was then chosen President pro tem, by 11 to 7 votes - Elisha Johnson having 6 votes, and O.H. Platt 1 vote. Prayer was offered by Rev. Dr. Hawes. Lucius G. Goodrich was appointed messenger, and Edward P. Carpenter, assistant messenger. W.F. McGinley and J.G. Gaylord were appointed doorkeepers. Messrs. Elisha Johnson, Platt and Briscoe were chosen committee on contested elections. Mr. Byington was appointed to inform the House that the Senate was organized and ready to proceed to business. J.R. Hawley & Co. were appointed State Printers. The House was called to order by Holly Bell, of Darien, the senior member present; and William B. Wooster of Derby, and Abijah Catlin of Harwinton, were appointed Clerks pro tem. A ballot was then taken for speaker. Number of votes 208, of which a Brandegee received 115, and was declared duly elected. Cyrus Northrop was elected Clark, and V.B. Chamberlain, Assistant Clerk. Sundry resolutions were passed of a preliminary character, messengers appointed, &c. J.R. Hawley & Co. were appointed State Printers. ..

438. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: Mr. Peregrine Tripp died very suddenly at Hartford on Saturday afternoon about 5 o'clock. He had been laboring during the day, in lifting and removing stone on the site of the Old Connecticut Hotel, when a blood vessel burst and he died almost instantly. His body was conveyed to the residence of his brother at East Hartford.

439. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: Marriages.

In Norwich, 1st inst., by Rev. H.P. Arms, Rev. H.C. Haydn, to Elizabeth B. only daughter of Daniel W. Coit, Esq.

440. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: Deaths.
In Willimantic, May 8th, Mrs. Mary F. Fuller, aged 49 years.

In Mansfield, May 6th, Mr. Abner Hall, aged 65 years.

In Scotland, May 7th, Mr. Geo. H. Fisher, aged 34 years.

In Danielsonville, April 28, Eugene, son of Wm. F. and Eliza Ann Essex, aged 15 years.

441. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: At a Court of Probate holden at Windham, within and for the District of Windham on the 6th day of May, A.D. 1861. Present, Justin Swift, Esq., Judge. Upon the petition of Charles L. Bliven of Windham, in the County of Windham, showing to this Court that he is the Guardian of James L. Bliven, of Windham, within said District, minor. That said minor is the owner of real estate situated in said Windham, viz. One undivided fifth part of a dwelling house in the village of Willimantic, bounded west by land of Mrs. Loomer, north by land of Wm. H. Osborne, east by land of A.W. Jillson, and southerly by the road or Union Street, valued at two hundred and fifty dollars. That it would be for the interest of said minor to sell such Estate for education and advancement, and praying for liberty to sell said property for the purposes aforesaid, as per petition on file. It is ordered by this Court, that said Guardian give notice of said application, by causing the same to be published in the newspaper printed in Windham, in the County of Windham, three weeks successively, at least six weeks before the hearing; and that said petition will be heard at the Probate Office in said district, on the 13th day of July next, at 8 o'clock A.M. Certified from Record, Wm. Swift, Clerk.

442. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: At a Court of Probate holden at Columbia, within and for the District of Andover, on the 4th day of May, A.D. 1861. Present, John S. Yeomans, Esq., Judge. On motion of Loring Winchester, Esq., Administrator on the Estate of William Y. Sprague, late of Fort Montgomery, Orange County, and State of New York, having goods in this State unadministered, within said District, deceased: This Court doth decree that six months be allowed and limited for the creditors of said estate to exhibit their claims against the same to the Administrator, and directs that public notice be given of this order by advertising in a newspaper published in Willimantic, and by posting a copy thereof on the public sign post in said town of Andover, nearest the place where the deceased last dwelt within this State. Certified from Record. William H. Yeomans, Clerk.

443. TWJ Fri May 10, 1861: Southern Ferocity. A correspondent of the N.Y. Commercial who has lately arrived home from Charleston, writes an interesting account of his experience on his homeward journey. The following are some of the paragraphs: The people seem to be thirsting for blood. One man said he had but one ambition, and that was to march on Washington with a troop of sharp shooters and take the life of Abe Lincoln. Henry Ward Beecher, they said, they would like to flatten out and cut him into a million parts, and such his heart's blood. A more blood thirsty set of men I never met with before. From the time I left New York to the present moment I have heard the foulest language and expressions the most vindictive possible, for the human heart. And here I would pause to tell my loyal countrymen of the North that they go to men who will give no quarter, and who ask none; and I say to them that they (as I know they will) must prepare themselves for a cruel foe. I have the utmost faith and confidence in the "persistency and purpose" which animates the Northerner's breast. God knows what they must be prepared for; and God knows they shall be made equal to it, because it is in Him and their own true hearts that they trust. When I arrived at Weldon, a rude crowd encircled the Vice President, and one of the number, when he caught sight of him, said: "he is a h-l of a looking Vice President." To which another added "Never mind his looks - he's got brains, he has." It was at this place that the barbarized crowd seized upon a poor fellow whom they thought to be an abolitionist. They examined his trunk, and I am convinced that if there had been the least scrap of paper with a suspicious word upon it, that they would have hung him to the nearest tree. They were actually "spoiling" as they term it for a victim.

444. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: The Philadelphia Bulletin describes Jeff. Davis, the leader of the Southern conspiracy, as he saw him at a dinner: "But Mr. Jeff Davis stands out with a stereoscopic relief worth of one of McAllister's best group. We never could divest ourselves in thinking of Jefferson, of the idea of the gentleman who had swallowed about three feet of lightning rod, and who had never been able to digest it. He was stunningly erect, and his manner had scorn enough in it to set up a regiment of first class snobs. He had a peculiar manner of tossing his imperious nose, and there was a constant indication of his olfactories having encountered something that was particularly inodorous. Jefferson was not sociable and chatty and accessible to all as Mr. Pierce was; but upon the contrary, he was so immensely dignified and reserved that he made everybody who had uncomfortable intercourse with him, feel as though they had met with a man who placed quite as high an estimate upon himself as anybody else did upon him. The fact is Mr. Jefferson Davis did not impress us very favorably, and if in the course of human events and the fortunes of war, it should come to pass that the haughty traitor should fall into the hands of the soldiers of the Union, and that he should get the hempen cravet which his treason deserves, our recollections of our experience of him eight years ago will not greatly aggravate our grief, nor will it induce us to wear mourning for him."

445. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Up to Anything. There is some new anecdote every day of the readiness with which the Massachusetts recruits at the seat of war turn their hands to everything, and make themselves generally useful. There is nothing needful to be done which some of them cannot do. At Fort Monroe, the commander, Col. Dimmick, was embarrassed by the secession of the foreman and most of the workmen of the government machine shop, which is outside the walls. But as soon as the Massachusetts reinforcement arrived, a dozen of them volunteered to do whatever might be wanted in that line, and John C. Briggs, late of Taunton locomotive works, was installed as foreman, and the business of mounting the guns which had been delayed, went on more rapidly than before, much to the astonishment and chagrin of the seceding mechanics. At Annapolis the Massachusetts men not only repaired the engines and put the railroad in working order, but supplies being short, two butchers, Merrill and Cilley, in the Newburyport company, took a business trip into the country, and drove back a fat ox, which they soon dressed and distributed. Some of the Yankees intimated that they should show the Annapolis fellows "how to keep a hotel" if they stopped much longer.

446. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: A new and destructive engine of war, in the shape of an iron care, has been built in Philadelphia, and was intended for the use of men engaged in rebuilding bridge. The car is sixty-five feet long by nine in width, and is built of half-inch boiler iron, and is proof, against rifle shots at any distance. The sides are bored for rifle holes to the number of fifty, each man to be provided with the celebrated Minnie rifle. At one end is a twenty-four-pounder cannon, which moves on a pivot, with a gun carriage complete. The cannon can be raised and lowered at will, and six experienced gunners will take charge of it. The cannon will be loaded with grape, canister, and chain shot. A company of sixty men can be accommodated in the car.

447. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Samuel Stratton, an old and respected merchant of Bridgeport, died last Thursday aged 73.

448. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Flag Raisings. Most of our exchanges come to us nearly filled with accounts of flag raisings, and other popular demonstrations of the general feeling which seems to pervade all classes of people at the North. By devoting four lines of our paper to each manifestation of the kind that has come under our notice in this vicinity, our columns would be crowded to the exclusion of everything else. Flags are everywhere - across the streets, from the spires of churches, the windows and the tops of dwellings, from tall liberty poles and even from branches of trees. The school boys are parading the streets with flags, and unbreeched urchins, of not much more ample proportions than some of our pond and river bull frogs, are carried away by the popular furor for flags. This is all very well in its way; but, nevertheless, it would be better, we think, to show our patriotism in the number of men old Windham county could send to help the Federal Government put down the rebellion that even now threatens its very existence. Will somebody be kind enough to tell us the number of companies that have been raised, reported and accepted from Windham county?

449. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: There is a report from Montgomery that Jeff. Davis has said that Mr. Lincoln was alarmed for nothing, and that he had no intention of attacking Washington at present. It is very likely that instead of planning an attack on Washington, he may be contemplating how to defend Montgomery, which is at no great distance from Pensacola, and if an United States fleet with an army on board should suddenly appear in that neighborhood, there would be less composure than now reigns there. General Butler on Monday issued a proclamation from his camp announcing that he had taken military possession of Baltimore, for the purpose of seeing that the laws of the United States are respected and obeyed, and warning all traitors to beware. He has already seized a quantity of arms found there, and conveyed them to Fort McHenry. Major Gen. Wool has been ordered to proceed to Fortress Monroe and take command of that port. This would seem to indicate that operations are soon to be commenced against Norfolk and Southern Virginia, as it is hardly probable that an officer of such rank and distinction would be sent merely to command an isolated fortress. Kansas has sent three regiments of volunteers, which have been accepted by the President, and is thus far the banner State in raising troops.

450. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Plainfield Ahead. Rifle Company B, from Plainfield, Capt. Henry Lester, the first company from Windham county, passed through Willimantic on Wednesday afternoon, on their way to Hartford. We were informed that they had been in readiness and awaiting orders for some four or five weeks, when a telegraphic dispatch was received on Wednesday, calling them to Hartford at once; in accordance therewith they took the first train passing through. They appeared well, and are a hardy looking company. We may expect to hear a good report from them. They go with the 4th regiment.

451. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Dr. John P. Fuller died at his residence on Wednesday, 15th inst., about noon, of malignant scarlet fever. Dr. Fuller was extensively known all over this region of country as one of our most skillful surgeons, and his reputation extended through most of New England. He was as eminent for his social qualities as for his personal attainments; and his sudden death has taken from society and the cause of medical science one of its brightest ornaments.

452. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Connecticut Troops in Washington. A dispatch to the New York Times, dated Washington, Sunday, says: "The First Regiment, Col. Tyler, from Connecticut, arrived this morning, fully equipped and provisioned. They bring a baggage train and camp equipments. They are the best provided regiment in the field. The men are all in good health and spirits, and go into camp tomorrow, on Seventh street, seven hundred and eighty men. Immediately upon their arrival they were called upon by the president and Secretaries of State and Navy. They are a very fine body of men, and march in admirable order. They are highly complimented here by experienced men."

453. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: An exhibition by the scholars of the Select School of this village, under the direction of their efficient Principal, Mr. J.B. Meservey, was given at Brainard's Hall on Tuesday evening of last week, to a large and appreciative audience. The performances were executed in admirable style, and at the request of many who were present, the exhibition was repeated on Thursday evening to a still larger audience. The songs, dialogues, comedies, tableaux, &c., were all excellent, so much so, that it would seem invidious to mention any in particular. It will be enough to say, that if the pupils are as well taught in the various branches of school education as they seemed to be in the parts of their exhibition, Mr. Meservey may safely be classed among the best teachers in the country.

454. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: The second volunteer company from New London arrived in this village on the N.L. train on Tuesday afternoon on their way to Hartford, where they will be attached to the 4th regiment enlisted for three years. The company is commanded by Capt. Joseph C. Dunford, and looked like hardy, resolute men, inured to toil, and will doubtless make better soldiers, many of them, than some who had preceded them of more trim and gentlemanly appearance.

455. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Some of the difficulties encountered by the Government, are thus set forth by an exchange. Let those who have found fault with the men who hold in their hands the destiny of the country, read and be satisfied that all has been done that could be. No one can realize the amount of embarrassment which the government has encountered from the necessity of entrusting the execution of its orders to an army and navy nearly half demoralized by officers of treasonable sympathies. When it was decided to employ troops for the defense of the Capital. Staff officers after remaining long enough in the War Department to acquire as much knowledge as possible of the details, resigned, to carry that knowledge into the camp of the enemy! When the Norfolk Navy Yard was found to be in danger, orders were dispatched from the Navy Department to have all the vessels taken out. Officers at the Yard, secretly sympathizing with secession, first prevented the execution of the orders, on the ground that it was not necessary, and then resigned. The Navy Department, on being apprised of this, instantly sent Commodore Paulding down to save the property. But it was then too late. All that could be done was to destroy it, to prevent its falling into the hands of the secessionists, and that he did effectually. When the Seventh Regiment and the Massachusetts troops arrived at Annapolis the Capital was almost defenseless. A Quartermaster was ordered to go to Annapolis from Washington to hasten their march. He went as was supposed, to execute his mission, but instead of bringing in the desired reinforcements, coolly at his leisure, brought in his resignation. When the river steamboats were seized at Washington for government use, they were sent round to the Navy Yard to be armed for service. Immediately on their arrival, every officer in the yard but one resigned, in order to stop the work! These are but a few pages out of a whole volume of unwritten history. At every step, for a while, government was clogged and crippled by traitors, who drew their pay and affected loyalty so long as nothing was required of them, but who, at the critical moment when their services were wanted, deserted to the enemy. But the active operations of the past few weeks, and the inexorable sternness with which every officer is stricken from the roll who has qualms about his duty, have purged the service. The Army and Navy, at last, are officered by men who are loyal to the flag, and who, when they receive orders, will execute them. The whole of this experience on the part of the administration gives additional illustration of the utter lack of common honesty among those who would split the Union on a "point of honor."

456. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: The Third Regiment, which will probably get the route towards the close of this week, it is said will embark at New London, where deep water furnishes better facilities for the operation than can be furnished at New Haven. The Cahawba steamer will be employed.

457. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: "Masterly Inactivity" - under the safe advice of General Scott -- seems to be working well. Its value, perhaps, cannot be seen by everybody, but it is nevertheless sure. Every day that elapses before an actual conflict strengthens the Northern army and doubly weakens that of the rebels.

458. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: The Soldier's Guide; a complete Manual and Drill Book for the use of all Volunteers. By an officer in the U.S. Army. This is just the book that everybody wants at the present time. It is published at the low price of 25 cents by T.B. Peterson & Brothers, Philadelphia, who will send it postpaid on receipt of price.

459. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: After many statements and contradictions in reference to the Southern military leader, we find the following in a dispatch from Boston dated Wednesday, 15th inst.: A letter from a lady in Charleston states that Gen. Beauregard had recently died from wounds received at the attack on Fort Sumter.

460. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: "Perley" telegraphs to the Boston Journal the following first-rate notice: The Second Connecticut Regiment is even superior to the First from the same State. They all wore Havelocks as they marched in.

461. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: The Cunard Steamer Africa, now at New York, brought 10,000 stand of Minnie rifles for the government.

462. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Ross Winans will be tried for treason at Annapolis.

463. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Connecticut Legislature. Monday, May 6. House - Convened at 2 o'clock, p.m. Prayer by Rev. Mr. Burch. Sundry petitions received and referred to appropriate committees. Res. Releasing Henry I. Kelsey and Thomas Lawton from jail in Haddam, referred to the Com. On State Prison. Res. Appointing John Hooker of Hartford, Jas. A. Hovey of Norwich, and O.H. Perry of Fairfield, to revise the statues, referred to Judiciary Committee. Mr. Phillips of Putnam, was excused from serving on the Com. On New Towns and Probate Districts. Resolution de Senatorial land Congressional districts, came from Senate amended by striking out the word "Congressional," and thus passed.

Res. Directing the Clerk to cause eight hundred copies of the daily journal to be printed and distributed. Adjourned to 10 o'clock, p.m., Tuesday. Tuesday, May 7. Senate - Opened at 10 o'clock with prayer by Rev. Mr. Moore. Several matters were referred in concurrence with the House. Resolution restoring the military companies of adopted citizens disbanded in 1855, to com. on military affairs. Bill repealing a portion of the military law of 1859 relating to annual parade, was reported from the committee, and supported by Messrs. Briscoe and Byington, but Mr. E. Johnson objected to the suspension of the rule with regard to printing, as he was not willing to act in the dark. Bill laid on the table. The military committee were instructed to inquire into the expediency of attaching nurses to the regiments of volunteers. The judiciary committee were instructed to examine the laws with regard to treason, &c., and see if additional legislation is necessary. Adjourned. House - Convened at 10 o'clock, Rev. Mr. Moore offered prayer. Petition of Walter R. Holmes for law for protection of sheep; of Oliver H. Perry, et al of Fairfield, for provisions for volunteers; of Robert McWhirr et al, of Norwich for a law prohibiting gas companies from depositing noxious matter in rivers; of Derby Building and Lumber Co., for reduction of Capital Stock, and sundry other petitions received and referred. Reports of the Waterbury Savings Bank, and Savings Bank and Building Association of Waterbury, with reports of other Savings Banks referred to com. on Banks. Resolution passed instructing com. On agriculture to bring to the notice of farmers the importance of raising greater supplies than usual of certain crops. Mr. Tailor of Danbury presented the proceedings of the citizens of Danbury, in Public meeting held to consider the asserted want of provisions for volunteers. Mr. Carpenter of Killingly read a telegraphic dispatch from the captain of the Danbury company, stating that his company was well supplied with food of good quality. Mr. Wooster of Derby introduced a resolution proposing an amendment to the constitution, which provides for an election for state officers, senators and representatives in the general assembly, judge of probate, justices of the peace, and sheriffs, once in two year, the first election to be held on the first Monday of November, 1862, and on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November each successive year thereafter. The resolution was referred to a select committee on constitutional amendments to be raised. Mr. Carpenter of Killingly was excused from serving on the committee on judiciary, and Mr. Phillips of Putnam was appointed in his place. Mr. Mathewson of Woodstock was appointed in place of Mr. Phillips, on committee on new towns and probate districts. Mr. Burrall of Salisbury, was excused from service on the committee on financing. The hour of meeting was fixed at 10 o'clock, until further orders. Adjourned.

Wednesday, May 8. Senate - Prayer by Rev. Mr. Fisher. Senate concurred with the House in the disposal of various matters of business. Res. Appointing the Governor, the Secretary of State and Hon. Wm. L. Storrs as Committee on State Library, passed. An act repealing an act requiring annual parade of the militia of the State, passed. Petition of James Leroy and Benjamin Balcom for release from State Prison referred. House - Prayer by Rev. Mr. Fisher. Petition of Alfred Walker and others, of New Haven, for a "Chattel Loan Bank," and of Lyman F. Carter, John Scott, John A. Benson and Elisha Miner for release from State Prison, were referred. Mr. Adams of Norwich introduced a flowage bill, which after discussion was referred to a joint select committee to be raised. Mr. Cobb of Norwich was appointed on committee on Incorporations in place of Mr. Adams, excused. Mr. Catlin of Harwinton was put on the Finance Committee rice Mr. Burrall, excused. Resolution raising a joint select committee to inquire into the expediency of changing or repealing the existing law relating to the sale of spirituous liquors, read three times and passed. Military committee reported in favor of bill repealing annual parade of militia in May. The men are mostly off to the wars, and there are no arms to spare for the parade. Passed. The speaker appointed the following committees heretofore ordered: On Constitutional Amendments. - Messrs. Wooster of Derby, Osborne of Hartland, Lathrop of Griswold, Treadway of N. Fairfield, Fish of Sterling, Curtis of Watertown, Russel of Middletown, Woodward of Somers. On Fisheries. - Messrs. Cowles of Farmington, Wooster of Seymour, Rowland of Groton, Sutton of Greenwich, Mores of Canterbury, Alvord of Winchester, Strong of Catham, Bishop of Tolland. Adjourned.

464. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Harrisburgh, May 14. A number of troops from Potter, Tioga, Bradford and Susquehanna counties, who supposed they had enlisted for three months, are going home because required to go for three years. It is said that 200 men from Potter and McKean counties have returned home within a week from here. An intelligent Western Virginia, bearer of dispatches to Washington, says that Western Virginia will form a separate State beyond question. It will include forty-five counties. All the supplies from the Ohio valley for the subsistence of the secessionists, are entirely cut off from transportation on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad. Two thousand troops in Western Virginia have been sworn into service of the United States.

465. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Harrisburg, May 18. Passengers from Harper's Ferry reached Chambersburgh to-day and report the number of troops there six thousand altogether. About three-fourths of them are well armed- the balance are not armed at all. There are only two hundred Kentuckians there now, and one company of South Carolinans. The resident militia of Harper's Ferry are very restive under existing circumstances. There is only one day's provision on hand, and supplies are cut off from Western Virginia. Supplies within reach in any of the surrounding country must be exhausted within two weeks. There is positively not more than one thousand stand of arms in the wreck of the arsenal - some of them in very bad condition. They cannot manufacture more than twelve rifles per day. They have only six thousand men this side of the Potomac. No batteries have been received on the Maryland side, and the troops show no disposition to erect them. All preparations indicated defensive purposes on their part. There is no disposition of a formal movement, and they must retreat or be provisioned. This, however, don't contradict the probable advance of the main confederate army by that route into Southern Pennsylvania, when Davis discovers the impossibility of breaking Scott's lines around Washington.

466. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Washington, May 14. It is reported that Gen. Butler quietly established his headquarters at Baltimore last night. Capt. Dodd's company of rifles left this morning for Fort McHenry, to join the Worcester battalion. They are all in fine health and spirits. Mr. Sweeny, of the Providence Artillery, who was injured by the premature discharge of a cannon, yesterday, probably will not have to submit to the amputation of his hand, although it was partly shot away. The man who was thumbing the touch hold had his thumb split by the discharge It having been ascertained that the city fire engines and their hose are out of order, the New York and Philadelphia firemen have volunteered to bring their steam fire engines here. It is understood that Lieut. Col. Hinks will be elected Colonel of the 8th Massachusetts Regiment, and Capt. Devereaux, Lieut. Colonel.

467. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Marriages.

In Willimantic, 15th inst., by Rev. S.J. Willard, Mr. George H. Moore of Norwich, and Miss Estella Campbell, daughter of Frederick Campbell, Esq., of Willimantic.

In Mansfield, at the house of the bride's father, 7th inst., by Rev. Mr. Kellen, Mr. Ira Nobles and Miss Mary J. Chamberlain, all of Mansfield.

468. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: Deaths.

In Hartford, 14th inst., Anna Augusta, daughter of the late Charles Bell, of Portland, aged 25 yrs.

In East Hartford, 4th inst., of diphtheria, Elvira Jane, aged 3 years and 4 months, and Ellen Louisa, aged 2 years and 11 days, daughters of James and Jane S. Carnes.

In Canterbury, May 15th, Mrs. Louisa H. Robinson, aged 51 years.

469. TWJ Fri May 17, 1861: When Prof. Lowe, the aeronaut, descended in his balloon, near Unionville, S.C., on the 20th ult., the people were so terrified that they thought the day of judgment had come. Men with muskets collected; one man having followed for ten miles the hellish contrivance," as the enlightened inhabitants called the poor balloon. This free and independent representative of the "chivalry" fired six times at the "critter" but without effect. The Professor was at first arrested as a spy from the North. In what other part of the civilized world could such dense ignorance be possible.

470. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Broadway Novelties. Under this head a New York paper describes the appearance of the great thoroughfare of that city, under the present war excitement: The attention of pedestrians in Broadway these days, instead of being directed to new styles of dress-patterns and personal finery in general, is absorbed by quite another class of subjects. The chief attraction is the numerous recruiting stations, which are easily recognized from their display of bunting, placards, and crowds of idlers standing near. These places generally are located in premises lately occupied by unfortunate tradesmen who have succumbed to the crisis and are so numerous as to take up nearly all the most eligible stores thus thrown on the hands of landlords. On Broadway, between Bleeker and Canal streets, there are not less than ten of them, including the places of rendezvous for the "Advance Guard," "Union Volunteers," "N.Y. Light Infantry," "Sappers and Miners," the "Gariboldi Guard," "California Regiment," Constitution and Union Guard," &c. At the door-sill of each is placed a sentry, sometimes pacing the entrance, and sometimes stationary, according to the amount of space available for military evolutions; and the man selected for this duty, is of such personal appearance as to represent at least an average of stature and prowess, to commend the organization. Within, the scene presented is a spacious floor well spattered with tobacco juice, a table at which are seated in great dignity two or three gentlemen of the military profession (easily recognized by their jaunty caps and terrific moustache), with sundry rolls of paper and blank books before them, in which to register new applicants. In the street, uniforms of every variety are encountered; and though one peculiar pattern is soon succeeded by another, as the different regiments are moved Southward, the number is not diminished. In the stores, nothing is in demand except army blankets, provisions, war cutlery, ammunition, &c. Conversation is all about the same stirring topic.

471. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Not Too Many Weapons. In the New York City Council, the other night, Captain Lovell said: "Don't make a man a walking arsenal. The mounted troops might have pistols. But it was enough for a man to carry a musket and forty rounds of ammunition, and four day's provisions, without a pistol, which weighs 12 pounds in the morning and 25 pounds at night. Besides any weights around the loins after two or three hour's marching begin to tell very oppressively. The greatest difficulty was to make men take care of one weapon. A musket was enough for a man. The lighter a soldier goes the better, for if he loaded down too heavily he will throw away his extras. The provisions he carries in his haversack are four pounds of bread and three of meat."

472. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: To Farmers. Now is the time for the farmers to make money. The country is at war. A half million of men instead of being producers will be consumers. Flour, beef, pork, ,beans - the substantials - will be wanted in larrge quantity. Europe is convulsed, and the indications are that there will be a general outbreak across the water; if so, America must supply the armies of France, Italy and England with food. Let the farmers prepare for a great demand; let every cultivator put in an extra acre of corn or wheat, and carry his tilth to the best possible perfection; let every calf be saved from the butcher's hands, for there will be a great demand for beef. Farmers, everywhere, now is your time!

473. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: The vaunted bravery of the Secession Chivalry has thus far had but two opportunities to show itself. At the first, 7,000 Confederate troops, with 19 batteries, mounting more and far heavier guns than silenced the Malakoff, some of them, too, rifled cannon, dared not attack the 71 soldiers of Sumter until they knew that they were exhausted by famine, and, within three days of absolute starvation. At the second, an armed Secession mob of many thousands dared not attack the whole of a Massachusetts Regiment, but prudently waited till the last company was cut off from their comrades.

474. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: We learn from a letter received in this city that Judge James B. Colt, formerly of this city and now of St. Louis, has recently been summoned to the field, by a challenge growing out of some expressions of his in favor of "The Stars and Stripes, and the Constitution." The challenge was accepted by Colt, but was ultimately withdrawn so as to relieve him from the duel. Colt is a warm Union man, and a determined defender of the Stars and Stripes.

475. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: The 4th regiment of Connecticut volunteers has received orders to increase the companies to 100 men each, thus forming a regiment of 1000 men. The Mechanic rifles of Hartford and Capt. Cook's company from Meriden, of the third regiment, refused to take their arms Friday, because the United States musket was dealt out instead of Sharp's rifles. The Hartford company finally took theirs, but Capt. Cook marched his company back without a weapon. Both companies were put under guard and their officers arrested, but soon released again and the two companies assured that they should be furnished with rifles as soon as they could be procured. The patriotic fund at Mystic amounts to $7,940, and 50 men have enlisted for three years service. The Rockville company, Capt. E.P. Allen, is to be incorporated into Col. Colt's regiment. W.S. Wilson of New Haven has presented a horse with complete military trappings to Col. Arnold of the 3d regiment. Three hundred dollars have been raised at New Haven for the City Guard, Capt. Klein. Col. Terry of the 2d regiment, now at the seat of war, has telegraphed home for better knapsacks. The ladies are getting excited about it and say if the state does not provide and troops with good knapsacks they will make some themselves. A Mr. Bently of Goshen left his cattle yolked to the cart in the field when he went to enlist, which is equal to the departure of Gen. Putnam of revolutionary memory, when he heard of the battle of Lexington.

476. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: We don't know much about hoop skirts, or any other article of female wearing apparel, but we were shown something called the "Union Skirt," a day or two since, which seems to be the very perfection of that sort of gearing or the feminines. The article in question consisted of a multitude of light hoops or rings, strung together in a most wonderful manner, and so artistically perfect in its construction that simply looking at it caused a slight sensation of dizziness. Particulars in reference to the above article may be had by applying to Ike Farwell, Jr., agent for the manufacturer, at No. 40 Milk street, Boston, Agent for Willimantic, Tho's Turner, Esq.

477. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: We would like to see that five thousand dollars voted by the town for the benefit of a company of volunteers to be raised in Windham, made use of. We would like to know, also, what is to be done with the clothing made up by the ladies of Willimantic for the use of the aforesaid volunteers. Almost every train through this place conveys companies of volunteers to Hartford, New Haven, &c., but we have not heard of a company leaving from Windham.

478. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Old Connecticut is well represented at Washington in military affairs. Gen. Mansfield, of Middletown, is in command of the U.S. troops; Col. Ripley, of Windham County, is in command of the Ordnance Department; Col. Totton, of New Haven, in command of the Engineer's Department; and Prof. Hubbard, of New Haven, is distinguished in the Scientific Department of the Navy. In addition to the officers and men of the three Connecticut Regiments from this State, we are represented by Col. Ellsworth, of Hartford, and Lieut. Col. Farnham, of New Haven, in command of the New York Fire Zonaves, and Major J.J. Dimmock, of Hartford, attached to the 3d N.Y. Regiment.

479. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: The Lynn Bay State says that Mrs. Jefferson Davis with her children, are stopping with Mrs. Leverett Davis of North Saugus, a cousin of the "redoubtable president," and that Mrs. Beauregard, wife of the commander of the confederate forces, is stopping at Barnes Short's, in Dye House village, Lynn.

480. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: The Northern men in Mobile, Alabama, of property, have each been called upon to contribute one thousand dollars to assist in supporting the families of those who have joined the army of the Southern States, and are furthermore compelled to take $10,000 each of the Confederate loan. If either of these unjust demands are refused, the party is visited by the Vigilance Committee, and compelled to leave the State and leave their property behind. A large number of Northern men are known to have enlisted in the Confederate army, in order to divert suspicion and save themselves from lynching or ruination, which they know would most assuredly follow, if their sympathies appeared with the North. The Vigilance Committee of Mobile have recently hung several persons. The reason from this cold-blooded cruelty is that they were Black Republicans. The true reason was that they refused to give nearly the one half of their property to the support of the rebel army.

481. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Salisbury, Conn. A friend from Salisbury gives a glowing account of the enthusiasm there for the country, of the military drill, and of the great pole and flag raising. After the raising of the flag, the people, one and all, took the following solemn oath: "With uplifted hands and uncovered brow in the presence of Almighty God, we swear eternal fidelity to that flag. We pledge ourselves to God and each other to protect and defend it, against all enemies, at all times, in all places, and under all circumstances, with the last dollar of our money and the last drop of our blood."

482. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Prospects of the Secession Loan in England. The London Daily News says: "It is reported in good quarters that one of the objects for which the Commissioners of the Southern Confederated States are visiting this country is to endeavor to raise a loan. An application of this kind would assuredly meet with no response, for apart from the uncertainty which prevails as to the probable duration of the threatened war, and the extent and price of future issues of stocks, several of the most prominent members of the Confederation carry the brand of repudiation.

483. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Peter Steimetz was drowned at the lower end of Winstead Lake last Monday evening. He had ceased to be employed at the hoe factory, on account of hard times, and was removing his effects to a secluded house across the lake, when he fell from the boat and was lost.

484. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Mr. Wm. Burroughs, a graduate of Yale College, of the Class of 1858, has left $10,000 to the Dwight Professorship of Didactic Theology of the College.

485. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: A boy four years old, named Michael Shay, was drowned in the river at Norwich, Friday.

486. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: W.A. Crofut, formerly of the Danbury Jeffersonian, has received a commission in the Minnesota Volunteers.

487. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Mr. Riverious Marsh ahs been appointed postmaster at Litchfield, in place of Geo. H. Baldwin.

488. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: The loss by the burning of the woolen mills at Norfolk, was about $40,000, insured for $25,000.

489. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Mr. Friend W. Smith has been appointed Postmaster at Bridgeport.

490. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: John Murphy of Thompsonville was drowned by the upsetting of a boat while fishing, Friday afternoon. He leaves a wife and three small children.

491. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: A full company of 87 men has been formed at New London, for Col. Bartlett's Naval Brigade, for coast services, at New York. The number of applicants was so large that the recruiting officer has determined to form another company.

492. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: The boiler house of the Willimantic Thread Company took fire on Thursday morning, but the fire was extinguished without causing much damage.

493. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: The telegraph offices of all the principal cities and towns of the Northern States were visited by United States officials on Monday, and the private dispatches for the year past taken possession of by the Government. Some rich disclosures may be expected.

494. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Births.

In Mansfield Centre, 20th inst., a daughter to Mr. James A. Barrows.

495. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Marriages.

In Lebanon, 19th inst., Mr. Alfred W. Chase and Miss Louise L. Bond.

496. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Deaths.

In Coventry, 17th inst., Miss Frances Ann Peck, aged 33 years.

In South Windham, 17th inst., Mrs. Sally Swift, aged 72 years.

In Columbia, 18th inst., Mr. Geo. Hall, aged 83 years.

In Lebanon, 22d inst., Mrs. Peckham, aged 101 years.

497. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Lists of Letters Remaining in the Post Office, Willimantic May 15th, 1861.

Anderson, B.F.

Ashley, George

Bull, Hattie J.

Barney, Lucretia

Bidwell, Mary E.

Bacon, Mrs. C.

Brown, Wm.

Billings, Heman [sic] A.

Calhane, Mary

Clark, Hannah W.

Clark, M.G.

Clark, Albert M.

Clark, Wm.

Chappell, Abby

Cholmbers, Mrs.

Cooledge, E.B.

Dawner, H.B.

Doten, Lizzie

Ford, Josephine

Goodrich, David W.

Hart, Mary E.

Hastings, John

Howes, George

Hancock, B.

Hovey, Vine

Hand, Hannah

Harris, Wm. H.

Horton, Frank

Johnwood, T.

Kennedy, Harlow

Killpatrick, Wm.

Katz, Wm.

Miller, Sam'l J.

Mingot, Hermine

McPheters, Rosa

Noble, Nellie

Postle Tho's

Palmer, J.

Robinson, Lucy Jane

Streeter, Emma B.

Segar, Caroline G.

Simmons, Alfred

Tew, Capt. E.

Tucker, Oliver W.

Toule, Laura E.

Valentine, Edward

Whitehead, Mary

Weeks, Abel

Worth, Warren S.

Westford Glass Co.

Persons calling for the above Letters, will please to say "Advertised" Wm. H. Hosmer, P.M.

498. TWJ Fri May 24, 1861: Notice of Settlement. District of Windham, Probate Court of May 18th, 1861, ss. Assigned Estate of Wells Manufacturing Company, of Windham, in said District. Ordered - That the Trustees exhibit their account to this Court for adjustment, at the Probate office in Windham, on the 1st day of June, 1861, at nine o'clock forenoon; and that all persons interested in said Estate may be notified thereof, the Trustees will cause this Order to be published in a newspaper printed in Windham, and post a copy thereof on the signpost in Willimantic. Certified from Record. Wm. Swift, Clerk.

499. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: A battle field is wanted, exclaims the Baltimore Clipper - 'the Gulf States inaugurated the war, but they don't want the battles to be fought upon their soil. They have had an army before Fort Pickens for months, but they won't make the attack, because they say some of their men will be hurt. They want to get rid of the fight, and they push it upon Virginia. Virginia in turn has begun to be a little squeamish about it, and she is trying to push it over upon Maryland. We don't want this nuisance among us, and what is more, we won't have it. If Virginia don't want it, she can push it back again upon the Gulf States, which have cowardly sought to make the border States a shield between them and danger.'

500. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Pop Corn. Every farmer should provide this cheap luxury; see that the boys have a patch, and let the young folks indulge in it freely. It is good for wormy children, good for all persons having dropsically habits, water-brain, dyspepsia, diabetes, &c. It is good pounded in a mortar, or ground and soaked in milk, or made into a cake, or mush. It is pleasant for eating for most folks, especially for those having good teeth. It is quite a treat when young folks have company in the evenings. It keeps well after it is parched. Make pop corn candy; it is much healthier than colored sugar for children.

501. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: On Thursday night of last week the first military movement was made on the part of the United States. The Michigan, two New Jersey, four New York, and Ellsworth's Regiments, were sent forward into Virginia. The advance guard took possession of the road leading to Fairfax Court House, and another advance was made at Germantown. The 7th New York Regiment took possession of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. At 2 o'clock Friday morning all the troops were at their place of destination. Firing was occasionally heard by the driving in of the Virginia pickets. The New York Zouaves and three other regiments took possession of Alexandria, and other troops of Arlington Heights. It is reported that one Virginian was killed on retiring from Alexandria. A dispatch to the New York Tribune from Washington gives the following additional particulars of affairs at Alexandria. Col. Ellsworth was shot dead while descending the stairs of the Marshall House with the secession flag which he had torn down from the staff on the roof. The murderer was instantly dispatched by Francis E. Brownell of Troy, a private in Col. F. of the Zouaves. The Colonel was shot between the third and fifth ribs, shattering the fourth rib, slugs entering the left auricle of the heart, destroying all the integuments with which it came in contact; the other charge of the gun, a double-barreled one, entered the wainscoting near him. The Col. Fell on his face only exclaiming "My God," and the blood gushed from his wound with such a profusion as to drench the entire passage. A few seconds afterwards he uttered a low moan, but his eyes were instantly fixed and he ceased breathing. He was laid upon a bed in a room near at hand with the rebel flag stained with his blood. The man who killed him was James W. Jackson, keeper of the Marshall House. He too must have died very suddenly, being shot through the head and afterwards run through the body by a sabre bayonet. His wife presently discovered the fatality, and approaching the body uttered the most agonizing cries. She was treated with the utmost consideration. The house was in the utmost confusion, but they were held in control by four Zouaves who accompanied Ellsworth and who at once maintained order. The Zouaves are mad with grief at the loss of their leader. Col. Ellsworth was born at Mechanicsville, N.Y., and was at his death between twenty-three and twenty-four years old. He went to New York city about nine years since, where he resided four years, and then went to Chicago. Previous to going to Chicago, he made many endeavors to secure a cadetship at West Point, but, being without influential friends, was unable to do so. After being compelled to relinquish his pet project of going to West Point, he went to Chicago and there formed his celebrated company of Chicago Zouaves. His parents are now both living at Mechanicsville, a small town on the Hudson river, twelve miles above Troy. A later dispatch says that Alexandria is taken and will be held. The first Michigan regiment entered town about six o'clock, and captured a body of cavalry, who at first demanded time to consider, but they were forced to yield without delay. Another dispatch says 10,000 troops breakfasted in Virginia Friday morning, a movement as successfully executed as it was skillfully planned. It resulted in the capture of Alexandria and the Potomac line of hills.

502. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Gen. Butler has refused to return some fugitives slaves who had fled to Fortress Monroe, on their being demanded by their owner, who is a Colonel in the secession army. There is nothing very remarkable in this. He offered to return the fugitives if their owner would prove his loyalty by swearing allegiance to the government, but declared that, as the property of an enemy, he held them to be contraband of war, and would not return them. There can be little doubt that the General's decision was correct. Slaves are as much contraband of war as any "article" of property that can be used, since they may be devoted to so large a variety of war purposes. They have been used at Charleston, Pensacola, and indeed all through the South as implements of war, and especially as "entrenching tools" and agencies. Bouvier's Law Dictionary says: "Commodities particularly useful in war are contraband, as arms, ammunition, horses, timber for ship building, and every kind of naval stores. When articles come into use as implements of war, which were before innocent, they may be declared to be contraband." And Wheaton, on "the almost unanimous authority of elementary writers, of foreign ordinances, and of treaties," calls contraband of war "all warlike instruments or materials by their own nature fit to be used in war," and in this he is right again.

503. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Another alarm of fire was given on Monday night of this week. The fire was discovered in the office of Dr. Wm. K. Otis, which contained a considerable amount of medicines, books and other property. A part of the floor was burned through and the fire had just appeared on the outside of the building, when it was extinguished with a few pails of water.

504. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: A Deserved Tribute. Miss Sarah J. Bingham, the accomplished organist of St. Paul's Church, Windham, has been recently presented with a beautiful silver service by the gentlemen of the Parish, as a token of their appreciation of her skill and services.

505. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Large Fire in Manchester. The Pacific Mill, at Manchester Green, was discovered to be on fire at 2 1-2 o'clock Sunday afternoon. A messenger was dispatched to the church at Manchester Centre to give the alarm. The people rushed to the scene; men, women and children worked with a will, and by great exertions confined the fire to the factory building. A large lot of new and valuable machinery had just been put in, preparatory to the manufacture of fine stockinet. The loss, our informant said, must be over $50,000. The insurance is over $20,000, but not near enough to cover the loss. We did not learn the cause of the fire.

506. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: The war occasions many ludicrous incidents. It is stated that Mary W. Dennis, six feet two inches high, is First Lieutenant of the Stillwater company, Minnesota regiment. She baffled even the inspection of the surgeon of the regiment in discovering her sex, but was recognized by a St. Paul printer who became shockingly frightened at her threats of vengeance upon him if he exposed her, and he decamped.

507. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: We find the following obituary notice of the famous floating battery in a letter from Charleston to the Philadelphia Bulletin: "Major Anderson fired a few shots at it. After the 'glorious victory' it was found to be nearly knocked to pieces. The guns were hastily removed and the thing towed round (by means of the 'navy') to the Ashley river. The tide has filled it with mud and sand, and that is the end of the poor old floating battery. I have endeavored to find out how much it cost, but that is one of the items carefully concealed from the inquisitive public."

508. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Hon. Lewis Catlin died at Harwinton on the 10th instant, in his 66th year. He was the only brother of the late Hon. George S. Catlin, of Windham. He had been an acting justice of the peace in Harwinton for many years and had represented the town in the State legislature. In politics he was a Democrat - firm and undeviating in his course - having as little sympathy with abolitionism on the one hand as with disunionism on the other. He held high respect as a citizen, and his death is deeply lamented by a large circle of friends.

509. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Mr. Goodwin's Annual Legislature Statistics has been corrected, and is now offered for sale. It is a neat little pamphlet, very unpretending in appearance, but in reality the result of a vast deal of labor and compilation, and what everybody interested in the Legislature ought to have. In looking over the contents we find that the residence, age, occupation, birth-place, and temporary residence in the city of every member but four are put down, making it almost invaluable as a hand-book of reference. In the Senate the number of lawyers are 3, farmers 5, manufacturers 4, physicians 2, merchants 2. Bankers, cashiers, hatters, hotel-keepers, one each. In the House there are, lawyers 12, farmers 121, manufacturers 23, mechanics 11. The three youngest members of the House are Messrs. Judd of Bethel, Morse of Canterbury, and Humphrey of Goshen, all aged 25. The oldest member is Mr. Stark of Lyme, aged 71. Only 23 members of the House were born out of the State, and 34 are single.

510. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: The Chronology of Secession. North Carolina is the eleventh in chronological order of the rebellious States. The following table shows the dates of the passage of the ordinances of secession:

1. South Carolina - December 20.

2. Mississippi - January 7.

3. Alabama - January 11.

4. Florida - January 11.

5. Georgia - January 19.

6. Louisiana - January 26.

7. Texas - February 1.

8. Virginia - April 17.

9. Arkansas - May 6.

10. Tennessee - May 6.

11. North Carolina - May 21.

511. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: A son of Mr. Monroe of Baltic, was accidentally shot last Saturday, but was not fatally wounded.

512. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: A tenant house belonging to Col. Bartlett, of Simsbury, was destroyed by fire on Friday morning at about 3 o'clock. The family narrowly escaped with their lives. Loss $450; insured for $225, in the Mutual Insurance Co. of Hartford. It is believed that the fire was the work of an incendiary.

513. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: At a town meeting held in Chatham on Saturday, it was voted to appropriate $1000 for the families of volunteers. The selectmen were authorized to distribute the funds.

514. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: A dispatch to the World says that it is reported that the advanced pickets of the Zouaves were attacked by 20 rebels. After several shots the pickets captured six rebel officers.

515. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: The Manchester Mirror says that the New Hampshire First Regiment left behind twenty-four of their members on the sick list. Thirty women, wives of the officers, and nurses, accompanied the regiment.

516. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Intelligence has been received at St. Louis of the death of Capt. Derby of the U.S. army, widely known as "John Phoenix."

517. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: A Washington letter writer says that Gov. Sprague

occasionally distributes several dollars to each of his men, and it is stated that his mother has set aside $100,000 to supply the wants of the regiment.

518. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: The cotton wadding mill of Slate & Dunham, located on Belcher's pond, Ellington, was totally destroyed by fire on Tuesday afternoon. The long brick oven in which the wadding is dried, was being cleaned out by burning and the roof caught from sparks. The loss is about $8000 - insured for $6,000.

519. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: James Brennan, a 12 year older, is in jail in Norwich for burglary. He owns up much more than had been charged to him.

520. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Miss Susan Flagler of Danbury, while in apparent health, died instantly, last Friday night. Cause, heart disease.

521. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Riley Coggswell has been arrested and jailed at Litchfield, for stealing a horse from George Harris of Canaan Mountain last week.

522. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: The State Medical Society has passed a resolution asking the Governor to institute an advisory board of physicians to remain candidates for surgeons to accompany regiments from Connecticut.

523. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: The wife of Daniel Maples, residing in Leonard, was struck by lightning while on her way from her house to the barn, on Monday morning. Her clothes were burned, and she lay senseless for three hours but was not seriously injured.

524. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: The barn of Timothy Williams of Lebanon was burned down Sunday. Loss $500. The fire was set by a black boy named James Merchant, in revenge for some fancied illtreatment. He was arrested.

525. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: In New London, Capt. James T. Skinner has been appointed sailing master in the navy, George T. Marshall, Surveyor of the port, Harris T. Fitch Port Inspector.

526. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: A busy hailstorm passed over the western part of the State, Saturday. Hail stones, large as hens eggs were found in Newtown, covering the ground. Some of ten inches circumference were in the assortment. Glass was smashed.

527. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: A destructive Tornado swept over Beanford, Monday afternoon, which blew down buildings, tore up trees, and caused a good deal of damage to property.

528. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Mansfield, May 28, '61. Mr. Editor- Seeing a paragraph in the "Christian Secretary" announcing that Rev. B.F. Hedden had consented at the entreaty of his friends to continue his pastoral charge of the Spring Hill Baptist Church, I thought that a brief notice of what is doing under his charge would be interesting to your readers, especially to those who delight to hear of the successful progress of Christ's kingdom on earth. In addition to the regular services of the Sabbath, he is engaged on Sabbath evenings in preaching at private houses at distances of from two to four miles from his home. He has now established weekly prayer meetings, held at his own house every Thursday evening, which are well attended and more are coming in from week to week earnestly and prayerfully seeking the road that leads to Heaven. ... Truly yours, A Friend.

529. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Gurleyville, Mansfield, May 25th, '61. Mr. Editor - If the following is worthy of a place in your columns, please insert it. Yesterday was a day of unusual excitement to the citizens of Gurleyville and vicinity. As preparations had been made for a fine display of the "Red, White and Blue" a large crowd assembled in front of the church, where at 5 o'clock, a noble flag measuring 16 by 24 feet was swung across the street. An appropriate speech was then listened to from Rev. E.F. Brooks, after which the crowd gave vent to their enthusiasm by several lusty cheers and the firing of thirty-four guns. The young men of Gurleyville have thus shown their attachment to the American flag, and if necessary will show how to defend it. H.H.C.

530. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: For the Journal. Mansfield, May 29, '61. Mr. Editor - In your last issue you make some inquiries relative to the disposition of the clothing made, or making, for the Willimantic Military Company, also the $5000 voted by the town of Windham for their benefit. Now, sir, your queries have led me to think that the town either holds back from the patriotic volunteers of Windham their uniforms, &c., or else the military company have ingloriously "backed out" and "down" from their duty to their country and themselves; this last I can hardly believe, for I have heard some of them talk patriotism loud and long, and I was unsophisticated enough to actually believe that they were anxious to carry out by acts what they were proclaiming by word of mouth; in short, willing and ready to do a leetle fighting for their country. Others of the company did not do much big talking and I supposed they would not be much for fighting, but I hear that about 25 of them had enlisted in Colt's Regiment for three years. What has become of the fiery ones, do they think that the army is too contracted a field of operations for them, and is it true that they have formed themselves into a Naval Brigade to protect the Willimantic shipping and to utterly annihilate all vessels belonging to the enemy found in Windham Waters? There is a pin loose somewhere, and if the much talked of Military Company in the Town of Windham is really dead I would suggest the following as an appropriate epitaph for its tombstone.

"If so early I am done for,

I wonder what I was begun for."

531. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: The Last Letter Written by Colonel Ellsworth - The following is a copy of the last letter written by the gallant and lamented Col. Ellsworth, except one to his affianced bride, written at the same time, just before moving on Alexandria: Headquarters 1st Zouaves, Washington, May 23, 1861. My Dear Father and Mother - The regiment is ordered to move across the river tonight. We have no means of knowing what reception we are to meet with. I am inclined to the opinion that our entrance to the city of Alexandria will be hotly contested, as I am just informed a large force have arrived there to-day. Should this happen, my dear parents, it may be my lot to be injured in some manner. Whatever may happen, cherish the consolation that I was engaged in the performance of a sacred duty; and to-night, thinking over the probabilities of the morrow and the occurrences of the past, I am perfectly content to accept whatever my fortune may be, confident that He who noteth even the fall of a sparrow will have some purpose, even in the fate of one like me. My darling and ever-loved parents, good bye; God bless, protect and care for you. Elmer.

532. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Baltimore, May 28. A special dispatch from Williamsport to the American, says that the Virginia camp opposite there was reinforced by two additional companies and two cannons on Sunday. Mysterious movements have been going on in the camp during the past two days. The ferry-man was warned to permit nothing except the mail to pass, after 11 o'clock today. The camp is guarded with great care. Neither friend nor foe is permitted to visit it. Only two companies have been on parade since Friday. All this may be only a mask to cover a retreat or they may be preparing to cross the river into Williamsport. The Home Guards keep a perpetual watch, and are ready at any hour to dispute their passage over the river. The camp is in a very unsafe position, being in the toe of a horse shoe, where its provisions and all possibility of retreat might be cut off easily. Manifest__ this is what Col. Allen fears. On Saturday night a deserter swam the Potomac and escaped into Pennsylvania. Bolleman's rock, at the Point of Rocks, ten miles this side of Harper's Ferry, has been thrown across the track and into the canal. The passengers change cars. No freight trains are running. The Virginians are using the track between the rocks and the Ferry, for the transportation of troops and munitions.

533. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: New York, May 28. A Baltimore special dispatch to the Herald states that a gentleman from Norfolk, who came through Richmond and Petersburg, says that Gen. Butler has not commenced operations. An attack was expected daily. The utmost vigilance was exercised. The troops at Norfolk, Portsmouth and Gosport amounted to 20,000 according to his estimate. Reinforcements arrived on Friday, Saturday and Sunday from Welden, N.C., Lynchburg. No apprehension was felt that the place would be taken. Twenty-eight car loads of troops passed through Petersburg on Saturday. He thinks there were 15,000 men at Richmond. Measures were being taken to defend the latter place. Batteries were erected on York river, and the fortifications about the city are said to be well supplied with artillery. He was informed that there were 20,000 troops at Fredericksburg, and numerous batteries were being erected there.

534. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: From Washington. The Seventh N.Y. Regiment are considered next to the Sixty-ninth in the trenches; Gen. Mansfield says there are no better diggers, making up in pluck what they lack in experience. It would have done Fifth avenue good to see its sons emulating each other in shoveling until their hands were covered with blisters, for three nights, without tools, in a grove on the borders of a swamp. They stopped work Sunday only long enough for services. A visitor to Alexandria was told by an old friend, a wealthy citizen of the place, that he was a Union man until Friday, when Virginia soil was invaded by federal troops. The people were greatly aggravated by the presence of the Zouaves on their sacred soil. The Mayor of Alexandria declared that the people would prefer the presence of ten other regiments. The objection to them is not that they are disorderly, but that they are not of the "first families." Almost every man that visits Alexandria brings away some memento of the place. The oil-cloth on the hall where Ellsworth fell has been cut up and divided. On some pieces the blood is as thick as a knife-blade. Pieces of the stairs covered with his blood, are also cut off and brought away. The Marshall House is the hotel at which General Washington stopped, and Col. Ellsworth was shot near the door of the chamber General Washington occupied.

535. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Town of Sprague. The Legislature has passed the bill creating this new town from portions of Lisbon and Franklin. The village of Baltic, and all the property owned by the Spragues, is included within its limits.

536. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Southern Climate and Northern Soldiers - The Southern rebels count strongly upon the effect of the hot weather upon our Northern troops. In this they will find themselves mistaken. Mr. Russell, their great friend and historian, in one of his letters from India, stated that its climate was best endured by the Europeans for several years after their arrival; and other authorities have stated the same thing. Our own experience during the Revolutionary War shows that the New England troops operated in the South during the summer heats of 1780 and '81 without difficulty. Many glorious battles were fought by them during the hottest months, and no one heard of their relaxing in courage or conduct during July, August and September of those years. N.Y. Post.

537. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Marriages.

In New London, by Rev. Dr. Field, Mr. George D. Whittlesey of Saybrook, and Miss Bettie, daughter of Col. F.B. Loomis.

In Hopkinton, 17th, Mr. Wm. Johnson, Jr., of Hopkinton, and Miss Sarah Thomas, of North Stonington.

538. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: Deaths.

In Willimantic, 28th inst., Mrs. Sarah A. Fish, aged 37 years.

In Mansfield, 23d inst., Mrs. Laura Freeman aged 84 years.

In Lebanon, May 24th, Clifford Robinson, son of Silas P., and Sophronia R. Abell, aged 3 years.

In South Lee, Mass., May 14th. Mr. John Wilson, formerly of Norwich, Conn., aged 58 years.

539. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: A Card. I, Joseph Barrett, hereby state, that whatever assertions I may have made heretofore to any person or persons, in the nature of a charge of theft or other dishonest practices against Courtland Babcock, were made under the influence of anger, and that the same are in every particular, untrue. Windham, May 16th, 1861. Joseph Barrett.

540. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: The Annual Meeting of the Windham County Mutual Fire Insurance Company will be held at the Office of said Company, in the Windham County Bank Building, on Monday, June 10th, 1861, at 2 o'clock P.M. John Palmer, Sec. Brooklyn, May 22, 1861.

541. TWJ Fri May 31, 1861: At a Court of Probate holden at Coventry, within and for the District of Coventry, on the 18th day of May, A.D. 1861. Present, Andrew R. Brown, Esq., Judge. On motion of Eunice H. Kingsbury and James W. Kingsbury, Executors of the Estate of Ezra Kingsbury, late of Coventry, within said District deceased: This Court doth decree that six months be allowed and limited for the creditors of said estate to exhibit their claims against the same to the Executors, and directs that public notice be given of this order by advertising in a newspaper published in Willimantic, and by posting a copy thereof on the public sign post in said town of Coventry, nearest the place where the deceased last dwelt. Certified from Record. A.R. Brown, Judge.

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