GEORGE H. REYNOLDS
AS RECORDED IN:
COMMEMORATIVE BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD OF
TOLLAND AND WINDHAM COUNTIES CONNECTICUT.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF PROMINENT AND REPRESENTATIVE CITIZENS AND OF
MANY OF THE EARLY SETTLED FAMILIES.
PUBLISHER: J.H.BEERS & CO., CHICAGO; 1903 P. 189
GEORGE H. REYNOLDS, who resides at Spring Manor, his handsome country
home near Mansfield, Tolland county, is one of the noted mechanical engineers
of this country, and he has a high reputation both as a man and a student
of practical affairs.
The Reynolds ancestry is traced to William Reynolds who came from Plymouth,
Mass., to Providence, R. I., in 1637, one year after Roger Williams,
banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, had located there. He was
one of the original purchasers of the land from the Narragansett Indians,
the sum paid for this land, which is now of vast value, being about $26.
William Reynolds was arrested and confined in prison at Hartford, Conn.,
for his refusal to pay taxes to the Dutch; and again because he refused
to pay taxes to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, after they had learned
of the existence of Roger Williams, whom they had thought dead. Mr. Reynolds
was married to Alice Kitson in the Open Court in Massachusetts.
James Reynolds, son of William, died in Kingston, R. I., in 1700. He
settled at Newport, R. I., and after the birth of a child his wife was
ordered by a council at Plymouth to appear before them in the month of
February to give account of her faith. She made the trip in midwinter,
on foot, carrying her babe in arms, and accompanied by a maid. Her answers
to the questions of the council were not regarded as satisfactory, and
she was stripped to the waist, and given ten lashes on the bare back.
Her maid received the same treatment for "being in bad company."
Joseph Reynolds, son of James, was born Nov. 27, 1652, and died in 1722,
in North Kingston, R. I. His wifes name was Susannah.
Samuel Reynolds, son of Joseph, was married Dec. 31, 1732, to Ann, daughter
of Samuel Gardiner.
Thomas Reynolds, son of Samuel, and great-grandfather of George H., was
married Sept. 22, 1749, to Elizabeth Hopkins, who was born Sept. 22,
1729, a daughter of William and Mary (Tibbitts) Hopkins.
Samuel Reynolds, son of Thomas, was born Feb. 12, 1752, and lived in
Frenchtown, R. I., and later migrated to the western part of New York,
near Buffalo, where he died. On Dec. 4, 1777, he married Amy Weaver,
who was born Nov. 18, 1759, and who died near Buffalo. Their children
were: (1) Sally married Andrew Moredock, a farmer, who died in Killingly;
she died in Coventry, Conn. (2) Thomas was a seafaring man in early life,
and died in Kingston, R. I. (3) Betsey. (4) Peleg married Mary Wells,
and died in Mansfield, Conn. (5) Selah. (6) Christopher is mentioned
below. (7) Samuel, a farmer and merchant, was the first agent of the
old Norwich & Worchester railroad, and was killed by the cars. (8)
Jonathan was a farmer and resided in Ashford, Conn., where he died. (9)
John was a tailor, and died in Beloit, Wis. (10) Eleanor and (11) William
were twins. (12) Eunice completes the family.
Christopher Reynolds, son of Samuel, was born July 11, 1790, in Frenchtown,
R.I., where his boyhood days were spent. In 1810 he located at Mansfield,
where he was employed as a farm hand by a Mr. Tillinghast, who made his
home on the Steven C. Gardiner farm. He planted the large maple tree,
still standing in the yard. It was one of three, but one of the others
was killed by lightening, and the other by the heat of a burning barn.
During the war of 1812 Mr. Reynolds was a member of the Mansfield militia,
and was one of the few men drafted from the company to go to New London
to assist the threatened descent of the British. After his marriage Mr.
Reynolds entered the fulling mill, then located a short distance south
of the Tillinghast farm, on land now owned by his son Edwin. The old
dam is still there, but the mill has since been torn down. Here Mr. Reynolds
was engaged in cloth dressing, and also in farming a small tract of land,
which he had bought. On this place ten of his twelve children were born.
Until it ceased to be profitable on account of the close competition
of the larger mills, he continued at the cloth business. Then for a time
Mr. Reynolds employed his spare time in such labor as he could secure,
and , moving to Eagleville, he assisted in building the first dam across
the Willimantic river at that point. While the dam was being constructed
large salmon, while endeavoring to get over it, were killed by musket
shot. His former farm was purchased by his two sons, George H. and Edwin,
who assumed a large indebtedness, and the parents removed to the farm,
where they spent their declining years, and where they died, the husband
and father July 21, 1871, from the infirmities of age, and the wife and
mother, Sept. 24, 1860. They were interred in the old cemetery, a mile
east of their first home in Mansfield.
Not withstanding a severe illness from inflammatory rheumatism, Christopher
Reynolds was always a hard-working and industrious man, bravely contending
against pain and suffering, until the latter years of his life, when
he was almost entirely confined to his chamber. In early life he was
a Democrat, but later became a Republican. Though not a church member
he was a man of high character, honest moral and upright, and he reared
a family of which any father might well be proud.
On Sept. 26, 1813, Christopher Reynolds was married, in Mansfield, to
Clarissa Huntington, who was born in that town March 5, 1794, daughter
of Jonas and Rhoda (Baldwin) Huntington. The Huntingtons and Baldwins
were among the old and honored families of Mansfield, at one time numerously
represented throughout that section. To this union were born: (1) Adaline,
born May 2, 1814, married May 2, 1837, Jacob S. Eaton, a woolen manufacturer
of Ludlow, Mass., and died in Indian Orchard, Mass. (2) Melissa, born
March 14, 1816, married Sept. 26, 1842, Charles Shumway, for many years
a watchman in the Corliss Engine Works at Providence, R. I., and died
in Mansfield. (3) Elizabeth, was born March 14,1818, was married (first)
March 26, 1854, to Rev. Asa Sanders; her second husband Benajah Gurnsey
Roots, a civil engineer, who assisted in the building of the Illinois
Central railroad, and later was prominent in State school matters in
Illinois. She was killed in a runaway accident. (4) Sarah H., born Jan
31, 1820, was married Sept. 21, 1841, to Fayette Barrows, a farmer, and
died in Mansfield. (5) Julia H., Born Oct. 8, 1821, was married Oct 24,
1842, to Leander Derby, a comb manufacturer, who died in San Andreas,
Cal.; she now resides in Brooklyn, N. Y. (6) Glenn H., born Nov. 25,
1823, was married May 19. 1846, to Elizabeth F. Eaton. He remained at
home engaged in farming until of age, when he went to Providence, R.
I., where he was employed in various mercantile lines until 1856. He
then spent ten years at Danielson, after which he managed a store at
Cranston, R. I., for the A. & W. Sprague Manufacturing Company. In
1868 he set up the mill supply business at Providence, where he remained
until 1886, when he returned to Mansfield, in a few years removing to
Danielson, where he now resides. (7) Jane, born July 9, 1826, died Aug.
8, 1827. (8) John D., born July 28, 1827, was married April 6, 1854 to
Martha Slater, and after her death, to Mrs. White. For many years he
was a school teacher, and is now postmaster at Andover, N. J. (9) George
Huntington is next in the order of birth. (10) Edwin, born March 23,
1831, is mentioned at length elsewhere in this volume. (11) Benjamin
Franklin, born Jan. 29, 1833, married April 27, 1857, Amanda Hawkins.
He has been Chief Engineer of the Omaha Water Works for the past seventeen
years, and resides at Florence, Neb. (12) Albert W., was born Dec. 11,
1835, married Jan. 15, 1857, Rebecca Runion; he was a mechanical engineer
of great promise, and died in New York, from overwork, in testing machinery.
George Huntington Reynolds was born Feb. 8, 1829, in Mansfield, and like
his brothers, early became responsible for his own support.. When quite
young he showed signs of that genius that has placed him in the front
rank of the calling he is pursuing at the present time. As a mere boy
he and his brothers would erect bridges, make wagons, sled, and other
play things with a touch of genuine skill. The bridges which they erected
across the small streams on the family homestead, they used in hauling
stone and wood, often overloading their wagons so as to break down the
bridges, that they might build them up in better form. At the age of
eleven years George H. was employed on the farm of Mr. Tillinghast, who
had given his father employment thirty years before. Three months schooling
was allowed him each year; the first year he had $9, out of which he
bought his clothing for the year; the second year, $11; the third, $13;
and the fourth, $16. Work began at daylight and lasted until long after
dark. By trapping game, picking nuts, and other side labors, the boy
managed to earn enough extra money with which to buy paper, pencils and
ink, for use in drawing bridges, vessels, houses and other things in
spare moments. The children of today can hardly comprehend the amount
of work a farm boy at that time was expected to accomplish. During his
third year with Mr. Tillinghast, Mr. Reynolds picked sixteen bushels
of hazel nuts, which sold for a dollar a bushel, thus netting his employer
three dollars more than his years wages. As it is said to take
sixteen bushels of nuts in the bur to make one bushel of nuts, the lad
must have picked 256 bushels of burs. These nuts were picked on land
now owned by Mr. Reynolds, and also on land then and now owned by the
Merrows. During these years of hard work with Mr. Tillinghast, Mr. Reynolds
was never sick a day, and never lost a days time. Up to this time his
schooling had consisted of attendance during the winter months. When
he was fifteen he engaged with Chauncey Dunham, of Mansfield, for $6
a month. Mr. Dunham lived in the house now owned by Mr. Edwin Reynolds
as a summer home, and the brick house still standing was made from clay
hauled by our subject s father when he was eighteen years old.
Soon after this George H. Reynolds attended a select school in August,
September and October, taught by a Mr. Dimock, a student from Yale, who
was a thorough instructor, and gave Mr. Reynolds more insight into his
studies than he had secured from all his previous schooling, particularly
in mathematics, in which he was quite bright.
After leaving Mr. Dimocks school Mr. Reynolds was employed as a
spinner in woolen mills in Ludlow, Mass. And at Broad Brook, Wilsonville
and Merrow, Conn. He was a master of the trade, and at Merrow he could
do his work in half the time his predecessor had needed. It was at Merrow
that his first mechanical construction work was done. The mill owners
were putting in new machinery, and the boss machinist (sent from Harvard
to take charge of the work) selected as his assistant Mr. Reynolds, who
showed such an aptitude for the work that the "jealousy of the "boss" was
aroused, lest his place might be lost. As a result Mr. Reynolds left
the spinning trade and devoted himself to mechanical work. Going to Leominster,
Mass., he began work on steam machinery, which has been his work to the
present day. In 1856 he exhibited a steam engine of his own designing,
and a decided improvement on what had gone before to the American Institute
Fair, held at the Crystal Palace, New York, for which he was awarded
the golden medal of the Institute, and was made superintendent of the
Fair the following year.
In 1859, Mr. Reynolds became chief draughtsman of the Delamater Iron
Works, and in 1862 he was made superintendent and general manager of
Mystic Iron Works, of Mystic Bridge, Conn. These works were established
for the purpose of building ships and engines for the Government during
the Civil war, and when the war was over Mr. Reynolds returned to the
Delamater works to assume the position of superintendent, which he held
until 1884, when he resigned to take a similar position with the Crane
Elevator Company of Chicago. He has done more to improve and perfect
the passenger elevator, perhaps, than any other one man living, and is
still engaged in the study of its problems. His services in this
connection are much sought after by builders of elevators, not only in
this country but in Europe as well. The dynamite gun greatly interests
him, and all the guns so far constructed have been made under his patents.
He is consulting engineer of the Pneumatic Dynamite Gun Company of New
York, and superintended the gun construction of the dynamite cruiser "Vesuvius." He
has also built guns for Italy and England. When the Crane Elevator Company
was absorbed by the Otis Elevator Company, Mr. Reynolds was still continued
as engineer for the combination. The Locomobile Company of America has
engaged him as its engineer. He is one of the foremost engineers
of this generation, and has taken out more than a hundred patents in
his line of work.
For many years Mr. Reynolds had his home in Pelham Manor, N. Y. In 1885
he built a handsome and attractive home on land in Mansfield, which he
has reclaimed from its primitive condition of forest and boulder,
and with the aid of the landscape gardener, has made it one of the most
picturesque and charming places in the town. This romantic spot has received
the name of Spring Manor, from the many springs of clear cold water that
well up on the grounds. The entire estate consists of about a thousand
acres of land, on which, as a boy, he spent years of hard work for Mr.
Tillinghast, as noted above. Personally Mr. Reynolds is genial and social,
and he is an interesting talker, with splendid memory, and a large fund
of general information. His disposition is hospitable, and his manners
democratic. He has traveled widely, and his impressions of the countries
he has seen are vivid and impressive. A staunch Republican, Mr. Reynolds
has never sought office, though while living in Pelham Manor, he served
eight years as president of the school board.
On Nov. 1, 1853, Mr. Reynolds was married to Abby F., daughter of James
Brown, of Westfield, Vt. To them have come children as follows; (1) Nellie
J., born Sept. 2, 1854, died in young womanhood. (2) George Osmar, born
Dec. 9, 1856, graduated from the Friends School at Providence,
R. I., entered the service of New York manufacturing firm and is now
one of the firm of Hitchcock, Dermandy & Co., manufacturers of hatters
furs. He is married and has two children, George Osmar Jr. (who shows
much ability as an artist) and Grace. (3) Irving H., born April 13, 1862,
took up mechanical work in 1879 as a marine engineer, and in 1884, entered
the employ of the Edward P. Allis Company of Milwaukee. He has been identified
particularly in the development of the Modern High Duty Water Works pumping
engine, notable examples of his work being in the city water works of
Boston, Pittsburg, Detroit, St. Louis, Milwaukee, Chicago, Omaha, etc.,
many of these engines holding the worlds records for economy. At
the present time (1903) he is chief engineer of the Allis-Chalmers company,
manufacturers of engines, mining and milling machinery, and employing
upwards of six thousand men. He married Bertha Barker, of Milwaukee,
in 1889. (4) Grace C., born July 10, 1870, died in infancy.
Linda D. Pingel